Canada – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (4)

 

  Otázka: Canada

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): Tomdog3

 

 

 

 

 

BASIC FACTS

 Capital

o Ottawa

 Official languages

o English

o French

Area = 9.970.610 km2

 Largem cities

o Montreal, Calgary

o Toronto, Vancouver

 Metropolitan areas

o Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver

 National symbols

o Maple Lea and beaver

o Canada’s flag

§ Red with 11-pointed maple Lea on the the white square

 

PEOPLE

Population = 33.310.000

 Major ethnic/national groups

o European descendants, Asian

o Native people  Native Americans, the Inuit or Eskimos

 

LAND AND CLIMATE

 Border

o The United States of America

 Sea

o The Atlantic ocean

o The Pacific ocean

o The Arctic ocean

 Mountains

o The Coast Mountains

o The Rocky Mountains

o The Mackenzie Mountains

 4 of the five Great Lakes shares with the USA

 Rivers

o St.Lawrence

o The Mackenzie

o The Fraser River

 Elevation

o The highest = Mount Logan (6.050m) in St.Elias Mountain, Yukon

o The lowest = sea level

 Climate

o Extremely cold in north, generally cold elsewhere

o Mild summer and cool winter

o Central Canada = short mild summer, very cold Winter

 

GOVERNMENT

 Form od government

o Constitutional monarchy

o A parliamentary democracy with a federál systém = in practise

 Head od state

o The Queen of the United Kingdom  also the Queen of Canada

o The Governor General performs = in practice

 Head of government

o The Prime Minister

 Legislature

o Parlament of two houses

§ Senate

 104 members

 Appointment

§ House of Commons

 295 members

 Elected

 More powerful than the Senat

 Political subdivision

o 10 provinces

o 3 territories

 

ECONOMY

 Important products

o Agriculture

§ Wheat, beef, cattle, barley

o Fishing

§ Cod, lobster, salmon

o Manufacturing

§ Motor vehicles, food products, machinery

§ Wood, petroleum

 Currency

o Canadian dollar = 100 cent

 Major exported goods

o Motor vehicles, wood, wheat

 Major imported goods

o Computers, electronic and electric appliances

o Scientific equipment

 

PLACES OF INTEREST

Culture of native people

Inuit

o in the north, travel by dog-sledge, skiing, kayak, showboats

o live in the igloos, trapping, fishing

o eat fish, fruit and vegetable are very expensive – transport by planes

o parka – special warm cloth

Indians

o they call themselves first nation, they live in the reservations, in normal houses, they use cars … – in the middle

o still live their traditional life connected with hunting,

o not enough education – poor living conditions, taking drugs, drug addict, unemployment…

o they have a lot of advantages– free education, government gives then a lot of land they can hunt, live their traditional life but their children have to attend (navštěvovat) schools

o they are very proud of their history, many museums

 

Atlantic Provinces

 Newfoundland and Labrador

o Lots of provincial park, ecological reserves

o A viking village form about AD 1000 was designed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978

 Prince Edward Island

o Charlottetown – the capital, the largem city x the smallest capital in Canada

o The Confederation Bridge to New Brunswick (the longest, 13km)

 Nova Scotia

o Scottish dancing, Scottish sports – really popular

o Scottish Highland festivals

 Quebec

o Canada’s only french speaking province

o In old part of Quebec city we can see old stone buildings and historic French-style architecture

 Ontario

o The most urban urbanized canadian province

o Ottawa

§ The capital city

§ The seat of the federál government

 Niagara Falls

o Width more than a kilometre

 

Prairie Provinces

 Manitoba

o The largem population of Icelanders outsider Iceland lives here – arrived in 1875

 Saskatchewan

o Ice-hockey, curling = the most popular Saskatchewan’s sports

 British Columbia

o Vancouver

§ One of the largem cities on Canada

 

The Territorie

 The Northwest Territories

o Great Slave Lake

§ The largest lake in Canada

 The Yukon Territory

o Kluane National Park and Reservation

§ Mount Logan

 The Nunavut

o Iqaluit

§ Home to one of the largem Inuit communities in the world






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