Education in GB, USA and Czech Republic

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angličtina

 

Otázka: Education in GB, USA and Czech Republic

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Maja93

 

 

Structure of the Anglo-american educational system (stages, types of schools)

Great Britain

USA

Czech Republic

Nursery

Kindergarten

Nursery

Primary

Elementary

Primary

Secondary

High

High/Secondary

Maturita

GCSE

High school diploma

School-leaving exam

University

College

University

Poplatky

fees

free

Fees/free

 

a) Great Britain:

Nursery school– 3-5 years old

  • free
  • optional

 

Primary school – 5-11 years old

Two forms:

  • infant school – 5-8 years old
  • junior school – 8-11 years old
  • obligation – you must go there
  • three core subjects – English, Math, Science
  • Lot of additional subjects – design, history, geography, music, art…

 

Secondary school – 11-16 or 11-18 years old

  • (you don´t need to take) any exams, it depends on your primary school results

Types:

  • grammar school
    • classical school
    • prepare for university
  • secondary technical school
    • technical subjects
  • at the age of 16:
    • graduate from school – take GCSE (5-7 subjects)
  • 16–18 college of sixth formA level exams – higher academic exams
    • students who gain good results can choose higher education
  • college of further education
    • technical
    • general
    • vocational training – preparation for (special) professional exams

 

University 18 – ?

  • university
  • polytechnic (technical school)
  • college of education (higher school)
  • more than 150 fields (subjects)
  • Degrees:
    • Bachelor (BA – Bachelor of Art, Bc – Bachelor of science) – 3-4 years
    • Master  1-2 years
    • Title of Doctor – 2-3 years

 

b) USA

Kindergarten 4-5 years old

  • Prepare children for other study (play games, learn numbers, letters…)

 

Elementary school 5 years old – a fifth or sixth form (12 years old)

  • in some states isn´t middle school- elementary until 8th form (15 years old)
  • subjects – math, history, geography, music, art, physics education

   

Middle school 6-8 form

 

High school 8-12 form

  • lot of elective subject
  • ended by SAT – for all USA
  • base for exams to college

Types:

  • academic – preparation for college
  • vocational – fits them for employment or for further training in various fields
  • general combines – combination

 

c) Czech Republic

  • Nursery 3-6 years old – prepare children for primary school

 

Primary school

Two forms:

  • first form – 6-11 years old
  • second form – 11-15 years old
  • all subjects are obliged
  • in the end of every single year students receive reports

 

Secondary (high) school 15-19 years old

Types:

  • grammar school – 4 years – continue of primary school –
    • graduate from school – school-leaving exam (4 subjects-2 national+2profile)
  • high school – 4 years – special subjects (art, technical…)
    • graduate from school – school-leaving exam (2 national sbj+ some profile sbj.)
    • prepare you for certain university field
  • training centre – 3 years
    • preparation for a job (cooking, bricklayer-zedník)
    • in the end of every single year students receive reports
  • conservatory – art, music   

 

University (college)

  • Bachelor – 3 years
  • Master – 2 years
  • Doctor – 3-8 years
  • Graduation from school – Graduation ceremony


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