Otázka: Holidays and other notable days in the UK
Holidays and other notable days in the UK
(Compare with our country)
1) Christmas and compare
2) Easter and compare
3) Guy Fawkes
5) Christmas in Czech republic
1) Christmas in Britain
Christmas is celebrated on the 25th of December in England. With Christmas is connected many traditions such as roasting turkey, decorating homes and churches with green leaves, paper decorations and colourful electric lights and so on. Before Christmas children write letters to Father Christmas, then they throw these letters into the fire. Christmas is celebrated on the 25th of December in England. The night of the 24th is just a quiet time which is usually spent with the family and very close friends. They talk and drink mulled wine and eat many sweets. December 24 is called Christmas Eve. The most important day is the 25th. In this time comes opening presents! Unfortunately we don’t get to see Father Christmas, because he comes when everyone’s asleep. Father Christmas is the British version of Santa Claus. But in return for his generosity, some people leave out some biscuits and milk.
On typical Christmas dinner we can find huge turkey which is roasted and served with a lot of vegetables, like potatoes, turnips, cauliflower and broccoli, with the choice of gravy either mint or cranberry sauce. It takes a lot of hours to prepare all of this, and even longer to eat it. The dessert is, of course, the Christmas pudding. You eat it hot, with a lot of sweet sauce – custard.
After Christmas day there is Boxing Day. In the old days, people went around to other people’s houses on the day after Christmas day, asking for leftover food, or money etc.
Easter is one of the great Christian festivals of the year. Easter is at a different time each year. It happens on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the first day of spring. Before Easter shops start selling Easter egg sets (a large hollow Easter egg) and some sweets. People also decorate Easter eggs and parents tell their children that the Easter rabbit brings the eggs and hides them in the garden. The kids then have to run around the garden with baskets looking for these eggs. The one who finds the most is the winner (this is called Egg Hunt). On Easter are baked hot cross buns. Hot Cross buns are bread buns with currants and spices and they have a cross on top (to represent the cross of Jesus).
3) Guy Fawkes Day
Remember, remember- the 5th of November! In the history Guy Fawkes was leader of a group of men, who tried blow up the British House of Parliament in 1605. But the Gunpowder Plot was discovered in last time and there was not explosion. G. Fawkes was arrested and executed. Since then, November 5th has become known as Bonfire Night. The event is commemorated every year with fireworks and burning effigies of Guy Fawkes on a bonfire.
Halloween on 31st October is a night of traditional fun and games. Children have pumpkin lanterns to ward off witches and evil spirits. They dress up in costumes, going round the houses and say- trick or treat and are given chocolate and candy.
5) Christmas in Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic we celebrate Christmas on the 24th of December. We start to prepare for Christmas four weeks before this day. This time is called “Advent”. Children have special calendars called “Christmas calendars”- it has 24 windows and every day children open a window and find a piece of chocolate. Traditionally, during the time of Advent, Czech women clean the house and bake Christmas cookies and cakes. Before Christmas or on the 24 the December a Christmas tree is decorated with some ornaments, chocolate candies, gingerbread or candles. If you don´t eat meat on this day, you will see a golden pig in the evening. Christmas dinner starts around 6 pm. A traditional dish is fried carp with potato salad. Someone hates fish and prefers schnitzel or sausages. After dinner people go to the Christmas tree and open presents. Somebody sings carols. Some people go to church later in the evening for midnight mass.