British History from the 19th Century to the Present



  Otázka: British History from the 19th Century

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): adelao



  • (1801) Act of Union creates the United Kingdom
  • (1807) Britain abolishes the slave trade


VICTORIAN ERA (1837-1901)

  • period of industrial, cultural, political and scientific change under the reign of Queen Victoria
  • great expansion of the British Empire(covered almost a quarter of the Earth’s total land area)
    • (1876) Queen Victoria is declared the Empress of India
    • Boer Wars – British vs. Dutch farmers over the domination of South Africa region (British won)
    • Great Famine (or Irish Potato Famine) – Irish were dependent on the potato which was devastated
      by a potato disease (1 million people died and a million more emigrated)
    • (1901) Queen Victoria dies as the longest female monarch in history

WORLD WAR I (1914-1918)

  • (1914) Britain declares war on Germany
  • first use of new weapons, poison gas, tanks, aircraft
  • The Battle of Jutland – the biggest naval battle of the war


  • unemployment and poverty
  •  (1919-1921) Irish War of Independence –Irish Republican Army vs. British
    • Anglo-Irish Treaty which resulted in partition of the island (Irish Free State)
    • Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa gain autonomy
    • All women over the age of 21 get the vote
    • Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
    • (1931) Commonwealth of Nations (from 1949 just Commonwealth)
    • (1937) George VI is crowned king

WORLD WAR II (1939-1945)

  • (1939) Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland
  • (1940) Winston Churchill (conservative) becomes prime minister
  • Battle of Britain (air battle) – Luftwaffe (Germans) vs. Royal Air Force (British won)
  • “Blitzkrieg war” – a tactic based on speed and surprise, designed to hit hard and move on instantly
  • (1945) United Nations comes into existence with Britain as a founder member


  • (1947) India gains independence
  • (1948) Olympic Games in London
  • (1952) Elizabeth II is crowned queen
  • 1950s – higher standards of living (more motor cars, TVs, washing machines, etc.)
    • (1956)  First nuclear power station
    • 1960s – increasingly tolerant and liberal attitudes, The Beatles
    • (1973) UK joined EEC (now EU)
    • (1979) Margaret Thatcher (conservative) becomes the first female prime minister
    • (1997) Britain hands Hong Kong back to China
    • (1997) Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in Paris
    • (1997) Tony Blair (Labour)
    • (2007-2010) Gordon Brown (Labour)
    • (2010- ) David Cameron (conservative)
    • (2012) Olympic Games in London
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