Ireland – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (5)

 

  Otázka: Ireland

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): Sara

 

GEOGRAPHY

Éire(the national name of Ireland) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea. It is devided into two major political units. Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Irealnd. Longest river is the Shannon.

Ireland (called the Emerald Isle) is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. To the west of Ireland there is the Atlantic Ocean, to the east, across the Irish Sea, Great Britain.

The highest mountain is Carrauntoohil locatad in the south-western part of the island. Its height is 1038 m.

There are many rivers and lakes in Ireland. The most important rier is the Shannon which runs from north to south.

Ireland has a mild, changeable oceanic climate ans lots of rains- good for growing grass, which is why is it known as the Green Island

Ireland is famous for its beautiful landscapes, music, history and mythology.

 

HISTORY

Ireland was originally inhabited by the Celts. St. Patrick brought them Christianity in the 5th century and from then on Irish missionaries spread the Christian religion thoughout Europe.

From the 12th century onwards Normans from England moved to Ireland , at first peacefully then confiscating the land and inposing English law on Ireland. A long series of revolts were crushed(for ex. By Oliver Cromwell), the country was devasted by famines,and many people emigrated to the US. In the Easter Rising in April 1916, the nationalists proclaimed independence, but the revolt was suppressed by the British army. An independent Irish state was established in 1921 but the six northern counties remained  part of the United Kingdom.

The struggles between the Catholics (led by Sinn Féin) and the pro- British Protestants continued in Northern Ireland until the Good Friday Agreement was signed in 1998.

 

ECONOMY

Industry(46%)… drinks – haard drinks… beer, guiness, whiskey(Irish), Tullamore Dew, Jameson

…electronical and chemical

Agriculture(5%) … sheep(wool), mutton , lamb , fishing

Two currencies(Euro, Pound sterling)

Services (49%) .. IT, Trade

 

POLITICAL SYSTEM

The Republic of Ireland is divided into 26 counties. It has a Parliament consisting of an upper house (Senate) and a lower house (House of Representatives). The head of the government is the prime minister, the chief of stste is the president. Since 1973 Ireland has been member of the EU. The 6 counties of Northern Ireland are ruled from London.

Ireland is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary systém of government. The lead of the state is the President. The population of Ireland is about 4,5 milion inhabitants. Its capital city is Dublin. The official languages are Irish and English. Most people speak a little Irish, but only a small number of population are fluent or native speakers.

 

PEOPLE AND CULTURE

Although Irish Gaeli cis the official first language and i tis a compulsory subject at schoool, English is the language used every life. Ireland is the homeland of writers.

 

LANGUAGES

Irish 36% (is the national and first official language)

English 94%

 

SYMBOLS

1.THE FLAG…green(catholic), white(neutral),orange(protestant)

… The three stripes on the Irish flag illustrate the Irish political situation : orange represents the Irish Protestants (this dates back to the protestant King William of Orange) , green symbolises the Irish Catholics and their nationalism, and white symbolises the peace between them.

2.THE SHAMROCK … which is the symbol of Christianity. It symbolises the Holy Trinity(the Father , the Son and the Holy Spirit)

3.THE HARP(harfa)

 

CULTURE

St Patrick´s Day

Saint Patrick brough Christianity to Ireland in the year 430. Is a big holiday for the Irish.

It is celebrated on March 17.

People dress up and there are street parades, fireworks and lots of Guinness drinking.

 

INTERESTING PLACES

Dublin

Capital city , founded by vikings

City´s Irish name is Bale Atha Cliath

Good night life, many pubs ,clubs-Temple bar

 

  • Trinity College… oldest university in Ireland, library, beautiful iluminated
  • O´Conel Street… Dublin biggest street, lotof lighting, souvenirs

 

Place with Guinness Storehouse (a museum of the Irish most famous beer)

 

Dublin Castle…

St. Patrick Cathedral

Cliffs of Mother – in the west coast, rise 120 meters above the Atlantic Ocean

Glendalough- an early Medieval monastery from the 6th century.

Whiskey distilleries- Jameson, Tullamore Dew and Bushmills

 

IRISH CULTURE

Famous people

Irish writers…. Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett, James Joyce

Irish music … U2, Clannad, Enya, Glen Hansard






—————————————————————————

 Stáhnout práci v PDF  Upozornit na chybu

 Učebnice k maturitě  Maturitní kurzy

 Učebnice k VŠ přijímačkám  Kurzy na přijímačky

—————————————————————————

Další podobné materiály na webu: