Other English-speaking countries

angličtina

 

Otázka: Other English-speaking countries

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): zdvorak

 

 

Australia (Commonwealth of Australia)

1.basic facts

  • Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere
  • country comprises the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans
  • capital – Canberra
  • biggest – Sydney
  • population: about 25 mil.
  • area: 7,7 mil. km2
  • language: English
  • flag: consists of Union Flag (Jack) Southern Cross constellation Commonwealth Star
  • currency – Australian dollar
  • anthem – Advance Australia Fair
  • original inhabitants – Aborigines

 

2. political system

  • constitutional monarchy
  • form – federal parliamentary democracy
  • independence on the 1 st January 1901
  • part of commonwealth
  • monarch – Queen Elizabeth II.
  • represented by Governor-generalDavid Hurley
  • 2 houses of parliament
    • the senate
    • House of Representatives
  • 6 states + 2 territories
    • each state- federal goverment
  • 2 Territories
    • Australian Capital Territory (ACT)- Canberra
    • Northern territory- Darwin
  • James Cook claimed Australia for Britain in 1770
    • during 18 century Australia served for prison

 

3. geography

  • smallest continent – 6th biggest country by area
  • surrounded by Indian and Pacific Ocean
  • along the east coast Great Barrier Reef – the biggest coral reef on the Earth
  • most of people live in big towns along the east coast
  • the central parts are mostly deserts
  • dry and hot climate
  • highest point – Kosciusko (about 2,000 metres high).
  • longest river – Murray, Darling
  • Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock

 

New Zealand

1. basic facts

  • two islands in South Pacific
  • 1600 km far from Australia
  • original inhabitants – Maori
  • population: 5 mil.
  • capital – Wellington
  • biggest – Auckland
    • population 1,3 million
  • 88% of people live in cities
  • official languages: English and Maori
  • the flag – Union Jack + 4 stars (southern cross)
  • currency – NZ dollar
  • national symbol – bird kiwi (Kiwis)

 

2. political system

  • part of Commonwealth
  • constitutional monarchy – parliamentary democracy
  • the head – Queen Elizabeth II.
    • her representative – Governor-General –
  • head of government – prime minister – Jacinda Ardern
  • parliament – 1 house – House of Representatives

 

3. geography

  • 2 main islands – The North Island and South Island + several smaller islands
  • North island
    • volcanoes, hot springs, subtropical climate
  • South Island
    • larger than North Island, more mountainous, only ¼ of country population
  • separated by Cook Strait
  • highest mt. – Cook (3700m) – South I.
  • longest river – Waikato ( North I.)
  • endemits:
    • a kiwi – flightless nocturnal bird, symbol of a country
    • a kea – a parrot in the mountains, destroys everything
    • a moa – flightless bird, has been hunted to extinction
  • NZ suffers a lot from earthquakes
  • more sheep than people




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