Prague – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (7)

angličtina

 

  Otázka: Prague

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): Yumeko

 

 

Basic facts

  • Capital city of Czech Republic
  • One of the most beautiful cities in the world
  • 1,2 million inhabitants
  • Many historical and cultural landmarks
  • City of hundred Spires
  • UNESCO monuments
  • Known for beautiful architecture styles

 

Prague consists of

  • The Old Town – Staré Město (Old Town Square)
  • New Town – Nové Město (Wenceslas Square)
  • Little Quarter = Lesser Town – Malá Strana
  • Castle district
  • Jewish Quarter

 

Prague Old Town

  • Old Town Square
  • Church of Our Lady of Týn
  • There is a Town Hall

 

Prague New Town

  • Twice as large as Old Town
  • It was mainly inhabited by tradesmen and craftsman
  • Today there are main shopping streets

 

Lesser Town:

  • Slopes bellow the Prague castle
  • Consists of: Lesser Town Square, Kampa Island, Charles Bridge, Petřín Hill

 

Castle district

  • Built in 9th century – Residence for various monarchs in history
  • Seat of the Czech president Miloš Zeman
  • Largest ancient castle in the world

 

Prague Jewish Quarter (Josefov)

  • Named after emperor Josef II
  • His reforms helped to ease living conditions for Jewish
  • Former Jewish ghetto

 

Monuments and interesting places to visit:

Museums and galleries

  • National museum – Rudolfinum: home of Czech philharmonic orchestra
  • National gallery
  • National technical museum

 

Modern monument Dancing house

  • Positive dancing symbol – reaction on the end of communism
  • Controversial design – The house resembles a pair of dancers
  • Designed by the architect Vlado Milunič and Frank Gehry

 

Charles Bridge

  • One of the most beautiful places in Europe
  • 516 metres long
  • 30 statues
  • Powerful silhouette of Prague castle in the background
  • Construction started in 1357 by Charles IV
  • Legend: eggs, wine and milk were added to the mortar when the bridge was built
  • The entrance – Old Town Bridge Tower

 

Babies crawling up the TV Tower

  • Modern art: rebel sculptor David Černý
  • Sense of humoc decorating the city

 

Statue of St. John Nepomuk

  • Stands out
  • Brings luck
  • Saint was thrown from Charles Bridge into the Vltava
  • Legend tells that he did not want divulge the queen´s secret to the king and was martyred for it

 

Prague Astronomical Clock

  • Installed in 1410
  • The third-oldest astronomical clock in the world
  • The oldest one still working
  • One of greatest treasures of the city
  • Procession of Apostles, moving statues
  • Every hour, tourists gather in front of the Old Town Hall to enjoy a mechanical performance

 

Popular festivals and events

  • United islands
  • The Prague spring (music festival)
  • Prague marathon
  • Christmas markets





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