The Republic of Ireland – angličtina

 

Otázka: The Republic of Ireland

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Gabriela H

 

 

THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Area: 70 000 km2
Population:
4.8 Million
Flower:
Clover
Patron:
St Patrick
Head:
president Michael D. Higgins
Language: English, Gaelic
Form:
parliamentary republic
Flower: Shamrock

 

GEOGRAPHY

Lies in the Atlantic Ocean to the west of Great Britain from which it is separated by the Irish Sea, St George’s Channel (between Ireland and Wales) and North Channel (between Ireland and Scotland).

The greater part is occupied by the Central Plain with hills round the coast.

The River Shannon – the most important river, the longest one in the British Isles

Killarney – famous for its lakes and mountains

 

CLIMATE

Typically insular [ostrovní], mild, with a lot of rain, similar to that of Great Britain. Ireland is even more exposed to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean (warmer winters, cooler summers, more rain, less sunshine than in Great Britain)

Due to frequent rains most of the island is beautifully green.

 

PEOPLE

Over 4.8 million inhabitants

The republic is bilingual, official languages are Gaelic (the Irish language, used only on the west coast where it is main language of about 50,000 people) and English.

The capital – Dublin (more than half a million people)

 

Cork – the 2nd largest city (120,000 inhabitants)

 

Limerick – one of the most beautiful cities in Ireland, situated on the River Shannon

– famous for its cathedral and castle

 

Religion: still plays an important role in Irish life.
More than 90% of the population are Catholics, most of the rest are Protestants.

 

ECONOMY

– there are large reserves of peat (the nation’s greatest source of energy, used as a fuel for home fires for centuries, now provides about 20% of electricity).

– There is very little timber because forest covers only 2 to 3% of the surface.

 

Agriculture – Ireland has for a long time been an agricultural country and in spite of rapid

industrial development in recent years, agriculture remains the basis of the country’s economy

– an exporter of agricultural products

– nearly 50% of all land is used as pasture

– the main crops – barley, potatoes, turnips, sugar beet

 

Tourism has now become an important source of money (millions of tourists visit Ireland every year).

 

Industry – connected with agriculture (food processing, brewing, distilling)

– engineering, vehicle assembling, light manufacturing, electronics, mining

– main exports: livestock, meat, other food and drink

imports: petroleum products, chemicals, machinery

 

THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT

The President – the head of the state, elected by direct vote of the people for 7 years

– advised by the Council of State – composed of the Prime Minister, former presidents and Prime Ministers, some other high state officials, people nominated by the President

The National Parliament – 2 Houses:

  • The House of Representatives
  • The Senate – limited powers

The executive – headed by the PM, follows the British pattern

 

HISTORY

About 300 B. C. – Celtic tribes came

About 432 – St Patrick converted the Irish to Christianity

About 800 – the Vikings were coming

1169 – the next invaders were Anglo-Normans and Ireland became “the 1st English colony

Between 1500 and 1922 Irish history was the history of the resistance to British rule and oppression

1919–21 – the Anglo-Irish War

1922 – the Irish Free State established






—————————————————————————

 Stáhnout práci v PDF  Upozornit na chybu

 Učebnice k maturitě  Maturitní kurzy

 Učebnice k VŠ přijímačkám  Kurzy na přijímačky

—————————————————————————

Další podobné materiály na webu: