British Literature – maturitní otázka

 

Otázka: British Literature

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): tCZ

 

 

 

 

 

A) THE MIDDLE AGES

  • 7th – 11th century / Anglo-Saxon period
    • Beowulf (8th century) – old Germanic legend (poem)
  • 11th-14/15th century / Medival period
    • John Wycliffe – traslated whole Bible into English, influenced Jan Hus
  • New age

B) THE RENAISSANCE AND HUMANISM = 14TH CENTURY

  • Geofrey Chaucer – Cantenbury Tales ( 30 travelling pilgrims, each 4 stories)
  • Sir Thomas More – Utopia (imaginary island with perfectly organized society)
  • William Shakespeare

 

C)  17TH CENTURY

  • John Milton – masterpiece Paradise Lost (revolt of Satan aganist heaven and God)

D)  18TH CENTURY

  • ·   Jonathan Swift – Gulliver’s Travels
  • · Daniel Defoe – Robinson Crusoe
  • · Henry Fielding – Tom Jones, History of a Foundling ->founder of a modern English novel

E)  ROMANTICISM

  • · Sir Walter Scott – Ivanhoe, Waverley -> founder of historical novel
  • · William Blake – Songs of Innocence, Songs of Experience -> beuatiful poems
  • · William Wordsworth (Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner)+ Samuel Coleridge = Lyrical balads
  • ·  Lord George Byron – Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
  • · Percy Bysshe Shelley – Prometheus Unbound
  • ·  John Keats

F)  19TH CENTURY – VICTORIAN AGE

  • · Emily Bronte – Wuthering Heights
  • · Charlotte Bronte – Jane Eyre
  • · Charles Dickens – David Coperfiels, Oliver Twist, Little Dorit, Great Expectations, Nicolas Nickleby
  • · William Makepeace Thackeray – Vanity Fair

G)  THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY

  • · Thomas Hardy – Far from the Madding Crowd (naturalistic trend)
  • · David Herberz Lawrence – Sons and Lovers, Lady Chatterley’s Lover (naturalistic trend)
  • · Robert Lewis Stevenson – Dr. Jekyll, Mr. Hyde, Treasure island
  • · Oscar Wilde – The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Nightingale and the rose, The Happy prince, The Selfih Giant
  • · Rudyard Kipling – The Jungle Book, Nobel Prize
  • · John Galsworthy – Forsyte Saga, Nobel Prize
  • · Joseph Conrad – Lord Jim
  • · Herbert George Wells – The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon -> invented sci-fi literature
  • · Virgina Woolf – To the Lighthouse
  • · James Joyce – Ulysses (+Kafka,Proust =>modern novel)
  • · Graham Greene – The Quiet American (crime, sex, morality)
  • · George Bernard Shaw – Pygmalion, You Never Can Tell, Widower’s Houses, Mrs. Warren’s Profession -> Nobel Prize

G)  CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE

  • · Kingsley Amis – Lucky Jim
  • · John Braine – Room at the Top, Life at the Top
  • · William Golding – Lord of the Flies, Nobel Prize
  • · Iris Murdoch – Under the Net
  • · J.R.R. Tolkien – Hobit, The Lord of the Rings
  • · George Orwell – Animal Farm
  • · Agatha Christie – Ten Little Niggers, Curtain, Sleeping Murder
  • · Arthur C. Clarke –  A space Odyssey, The Fountains of Paradise
  • · Samuel Beckett – Waiting for the Godot, Nobel Prize






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