English food – maturitní otázka



  Otázka: English food

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): Václav Hošek




Traditional British breakfast consists of a glass of fruit juice and cornflakes with sugar and milk. Sundays are reserved for their big cooked breakfast.

Around noon it is lunchtime. Most people take their meals at the school canteen, or factory canteen, but some people prefer going to a restaurant or having fast food in a buffet or a snack bar or buy something in a street stall. Soups may be either vegetable (potato, tomato, pea, bean, carrot, parsley, celery, mushrooms) or meat teas (beef tea, tripe, chicken, goulash soup etc.) The main dish can be either sweet such as fruit dumplings or pancakes with jam and cream. Or we can have some meat (beef, pork, veal, mutton, lamb) or fish or poultry with some vegetables such as potatoes, chips, rice, Czech dumpling, pasta or bread.

While cooking we may add various spices so that the meal will have a unique flavour – e.g. garlic, marjoram, pepper, ketchup, vinegar, mustard, onions, etc. It’s healthy to drink at least one glass of mineral water, juice, tea or beer, after each meal.

An evening meal may be either warm or cold. Cold and quick supper my consist of some paté or bread or rolls, kippers or some spread. We can cook a readymade dish from a tin or have soup or potato pancakes.

The traditional perception of British cuisine is of overcooked vegetables, tasteless meat and a lot of grease, but British eating habits have changed over last thirty years.

Between 12 and 1 o´clock it is usually lunch time. People may eat in the office or factory canteen or take a sandwich to work.

The typical British break is 5 o´clock tea. It is usually fairy strong and eaten together with some cakes or biscuits. While serving it, first put a little milk in the cup and pour the tea over it through a tea strainer. Sugar is added according to taste.

About 6 o’clock most families have their evening meal or “dinner”. It may be cooked or cold depending on the time of year.

Fast food is a typical feature of both British and American life styles. At fast food restaurants (e.g. McDonald´s, Wendy´s, Kentucky Fried Chicken) usually offer beverages (Coca-Cola, Pepsi-Cola, tea, milkshakes…), some solid food like roast chicken and chips, hamburgers, sandwiches, pizza or salads. Popcorn is another typical feature of British and American lifestyle.


The traditional English meals are:

  • beefsteak with roast /fried/ potatoes in their jackets and vegetables
  • a roast point of meat /beef, pork, lamb/ with roast potatoes and vegetables
  • roast lamb with mint sauce
  • roast pork with apple sauce /the sauces do not cover the meat but accompany it/
  • stew /a dish of meat and vegetables cooked very slowly/
  • yorkshire pudding made of butter /a mixture of flour, eggs milk and salt/


For the dessert they have:

  • pies with sweet filling and covered with a pastry crust /apple pies with custard or cream/
  • pies with meat filling /kidney/ with beer/
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