London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The city, standing on the River Thames, is situated in the southeast of the island of Great Britain. It’s home for almost 9 million people. London is a major world’s centre of business and economics. London is also considered to be a main international air transport hub with the busiest city airspace in the world. The most important airports are Heathrow and Gatwick.
London was founded as a Roman settlement. There was a plague epidemic in 1665, but thanks to a great fire in 1666 which destroyed almost the whole city, it was an end of the illness. London also hosted the first World’s Exhibition in 1851. Only 12 years later there was opened London Underground, what means it it the oldest underground in the world. During the second world war was London attacked by nazi. Reconstruction of the building changed the character of the city. In 2012 London hosted Summer Olympic games.
Transport and places to see
London can offer many interesting monuments. We can see them by walking or by various means of transport. London´s famous red double-deckers go almost everywhere. Visitors of London also can go by tram. If someone doesn’t like public transport, they can take a ride by typical black cab or rent a bike.
First place, which is really interesting to stop by is the Trafalgar square with many pigeons and Nelson’s column in the centre of the square. There is also a National gallery, which has one of the greatest collections in the world, it shows paintings from Early Renaissance to the Post-impressionists. Next one is the Buckingham Palace, known as a London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. It’s located in the City of Westminster, as well as the Houses of Parliament and 10 Downing Street, prime minister’s residence. Fans of modern architecture can visit London Eye, a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It offers a spectacular view of London. For tourists, who would like to take a break from the busy city there are a lot of parks, including the famous Hyde Park or one of the oldest parks St. James’s Park. Visit of London wouldn’t be complete without seeing and visiting classical monuments as Elisabeth Tower with Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral or walking across Tower Bridge a characteristic landmark of London. It was built between 1886 and 1894, it is named after the Tower of London that stands next to it.
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