London and other cities – maturitní otázka

 

Otázka: London and other cities

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Kaly

 

So in Great Britain it’s many famous cities. There are London, Manchester, liverpool and some other. I’m going to talk about London and Liverpool.

 

London

London is the capital city and the biggest city of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. London has about 8 million inhabitants. Together with New York and Tokyo it’s the largest commercial centre. It’s very popular and famous city due to it’s many cultural monuments. It’s located in South-East of Great Britain in state called England. It’s located on the river Thames near mouth into the North Sea.

 

London is divided into 33 boroughs. The boroughs are divided into 3 parts…it’s the City, Inner London and Outer London (somewhere is City mentoined as part od Inner London). City is the most important and most famous part of all three parts. Inner London is composed of 12 boroughs and Outer London of 20 boroughs. City is the financial centre of the Great Britain. West End is the most popular shopping and entertainment district of London. There are Trafalgar Square, Oxford Street and Green park. In West London there are Royal Borough of Knesington and Chelsea which is area where is the most luxury living in GB. In South London there are Wibledon.

 

History

Though there were prehistoric settlements throughout the vast area that we now call London, no evidence has yet been found for any such community at the northern end of London Bridge where the present city grew up. The origins of London lie in Roman times.

 

The Symbol of Power – The Tower of London

The Jewel House is where you’ll find the Crown Jewels, a collection of gold, silver, precious stones and other royal regalia. The Chapel Royal and St. Peter ad Vincula is the oldest chapel royal in England. It is in this chapel that most of those who died on Tower Hill and six of the seven executed on Tower Green were laid to rest under flagstones without ceremony.

The tower of London has been an integral part of British Royal History for nearly 1000 years. Only at this place one can marvel at the breathtaking beauty of Crown Jewels and stand on the execution site of three British queens.

The Tower of London has a very interesting story behind it. It was begun by a man who was not even English, William of Normandy. At the time he was the cousin of England’s Kind Edward. It all started because William became outraged when Edward backed down on his promise to give the throne to William and ended up giving the throne to his English brother-in-law, Harold. William sailed his army across the English Channel to conquer England. On October 14, 1066, he met Harold at Hastings and conquered him.

On Christmas Day later that year, popularly known as William the conqueror – was crowned King of England. Immediately after William took over as king, he built forts everywhere. One stood in the southeastern corner of London, near an old Roman wall on the north bank of the Thames River. William ordered that this fort be removed in 1078 to be replaced by a huge stone stronghold. This would be the “symbol of his power, a fortress for his defense, and a prison for his enemies”. He named it the Tower of London. The Tower was finished twenty years later, rising nearly one hundred feet high, with its walls fifteen feet thick in certain places. Inside were a chapel, apartments, guardrooms, and crypts. The Tower was protected by a wide ditch, a new stone wall, the old Roman wall, and the river. This was done to secure the fact that this tower was a prison that no prisoner would escape from.

 

Interesting places

Buckingham Palace- official residence of the royal family and the largest royal office in the world.

Westminster Abbey- cathedral bulit in gothic style, where is each monarcho f GB crowned and where is after his death buried.

Palace of Westminster- seat of British Parlament

Big Ben- part od the Palace of Westminster, tower and on the top is bell which is called Big Ben

Trafalgar Square- square which is recalling the victory in the battle od Trafalgar

Picaddilly- one of the most important street in London

Tower Bridge- the most famous drawbridge in London

 

Sport

Most popular sport here is fotball. Chelsea, Arsenal, Fulham seat here. There are wembley stadium where are the international matcher played . There are wimbledon, which is place where is organized one od the most famous tennic tournament in the world

 

Shopping

Harrods- one of the most famouse and most luxury store in the world which can we find in the centre od London. There is about 330 shops.

 

For london are typic double deckers which are the red buses which have two floors. For london are typic the black taxi cars too. There are ledest underground in the world which is called here the tube. Airport Heatrhrow id the most famouse airport in Britain and along the number of passengers it’s the busiest airposrt in Europe and the third in the world.

 

Liverpool

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough of Merseyside along the eastern side od the Mersey Estuary. The popularity of The Beatles, Gerry and the Pacemakers and the other groups from the Merseybeat era contributes to Liverpool’s status as a tourist destination. Tourism forms a significant part of the city’s modern economy. The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007, and it held the European Capital of Culture title in 2008. Liverpool is also the home of two Premier League football clubs, Liverpool F.C. and Everton F.C.. Matches between the two clubs are known as the Merseyside derby.

 

Interesting places

There are two cathedrals, Anglican Cathedral and Metropolitan Cathedral. The road running between the two cathedrals is called Hope Street.

The Albert Dock is a complex of dock buildings and warehouses. It was the first non-combustible warehouse system in the world.

 

Stanley Dock is a dock on the River Mersey and part of the Port of Liverpool, which is the name for the enclosed 7.5 mile dock system.

The Pier Head is a riverside location in the city centre of Liverpool. The historic site encompasses a trio of landmarks. It’s Royal Liver Building, Cunard Building and Port of Liverpool Building.

The Beatles Story is a visitor attraction dedicated to the leading 1960s group The Beatles. It is based in Albert Dock






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