Otázka: New Zealand
Introduction, geography, state system, population, nature, industry, agriculture
- a state, south-east ofAustralia
- a former British colony (likeAustralia,Canada, …)
- its national flag contains the Union Jack and four red stars (the Australian flag is similar but it contains six stars)
- now an independent state, based on the British parliamentary system – with British Queen as official head of state, the Governor General as official representative of the Queen
Geography: located in the Pacific about 2000 km southeast of Australia. It consists of two great islands (the North
Island and theSouth Island) and some smaller ones
- the shape of New Zealand reminds upside-down Italy
- the surface is mainly mountainous – with a volcanic area in the North Island and the Southern Alps in the South
- Island (the highest Mount Cook is3,764 m high)
- the climate is mild, very pleasant all the year round, also reminds the turned over Italy – with the hot north and snow and glaciers in the south
The capital city is Wellington,Auckland (the biggest),Hamilton, all in the north,Christchurch – in the south, …
The population is about 4,5 million (2013),
- about 10% are Maoris of Polynesian origin
- Maoris came toNew Zealand about a thousand years ago
- the first European (the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman) came to N.Z. in 1642 (=17th century)
- N.Z. as the British colony established in 1840
- many special plants and animals has been developed, mainly in the evergreen rain forest:
- e.g. giant Kauri trees, Kakapo – the world´s largest parrot, Kiwi – a unique bird, New Zealand’s unofficial national symbol, the Giant weta – the world’s largest insect, etc. No snakes.
- mainly food processing industry.
- breeding sheep. There are more sheep inNew Zealand than people.
- New Zealanders share a passion for sports – e.g. swimming, sailing, windsurfing, yachting, fishing, skiing, … The national sport is rugby.