Otázka: Outstanding American presidents
Přidal(a): Natálie V.
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)
- He was the first Republican President, and Union victory ended forever the claim that state sovereignty superseded federal authority.
- Killed by an assassin’s bullet less than a week after the surrender of Confederate forces, Lincoln left the nation a more perfect Union and thereby earned the admiration of most Americans as the country’s greatest President.
Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)
- As President, Roosevelt challenged the ideas of limited government and individualism. In their stead, he advocated government regulation to achieve social and economic justice.
- He used executive orders to accomplish his goals, especially in conservation, and waged an aggressive foreign policy.
- He was also an extremely popular President and the first to use the media to appeal directly to the people, bypassing the political parties and career politicians.
Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924)
- Woodrow Wilson was one of America’s greatest Presidents.
- His domestic program expanded the role of the federal government in managing the economy and protecting the interests of citizens.
- His foreign policy established a new vision of America’s role in the world.
- And he helped to make the White House the center of power in Washington. Most historians rank him among the five most important American Presidents, along with Washington, Lincoln, and the two Roosevelts.
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)
- John F. Kennedy was born into a rich, politically connected Boston family of Irish-Catholics. He and his eight siblings enjoyed a privileged childhood of elite private schools, sailboats, servants, and summer homes.
- During his childhood and youth, „Jack“ Kennedy suffered frequent serious illnesses.
- Nevertheless, he strove to make his own way, writing a best-selling book while still in college at Harvard and volunteering for hazardous combat duty in the Pacific during World War II.
- Kennedy’s wartime service made him a hero. After a short stint as a journalist, Kennedy entered politics, serving in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 and the U.S. Senate.
- Was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building.
George W. Bush (1946)
- George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States, led the country during a time of great challenge and change.
- The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the global war on terror, the war in Iraq, and the economic downtown of 2008 are just some of the major events that Bush had to contend with during his time in office.
- At different times, President Bush was both the most popular president and one of the least popular presidents in American history, and his administration sparked both passionate defenders and vehement critics. His presidency will continue to be studied and debated for years to come.
Barack Obama (1961)
- The son of a white American mother and a black Kenyan father, Obama grew up in Hawaii.
- First afro American president
- Married to Michelle Obama, two daughters