The 12 czech wonders on the UNESCO list

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Otázka: The 12 czech wonders on the UNESCO list

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Katy Arnoltová

 

 

UNITED NATION EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION 

  • It is 75 years old and it was founded in 1945
  • It helps to protection of the numerous castles, palaces and places of interest presenting different architectural styles

 

1) THE HISTORICAL CENTRE OF PRAGUE (LISTED IN 1992)

  • The top Czech destination, Prague, leads the list with monuments such as Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral and Charles Bridge.

 

2) THE HISTORICAL CENTRE OF ČESKÝ KRUMLOV (1992)

  • It has rennaissance look
  • The town’s history are connected to the aristocratic families of Vítkovci and Rožmberkové
  • It is very popular tourist attraction and boasts a castle and chateaux complex and a well-preserved historical centre

 

3) THE HISTORICAL CENTRE OF TELČ (1992)

  • The town’s square offers a unique combination of Renaissance and Baroque houses with characteristic arcades and sgrafitti design
  • There is also a chateux in the town

 

4) THE PILGRIMAGE CHURCH OF JAN NEPOMUK IN ZELENÁ HORA, CLOSE TO ŽĎÁR NAD SÁZAVOU (1994)

  • It is star shaped pilgrimage church
  • It was built by Santini-Aichl, a Czech Baroque builder from Italy (characteristic of Baroque‐Gothic style)
  • The building includes a lot of complex symbolism based on the number five

 

5) KUTNÁ HORA (1995)

  • A medieval mining town, which became rich because of its silver deposits it is famous for his historical centre and the Church of St. Barbara
  • The town suffered from wars, flood and financial collapse following the closure of the mines

 

6) LEDNICE-VALTICE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE (1996)

  • As every Czech knows, ‘lednice’ means ‘refrigerator’ but this chateux complex in South Moravia is unlikely to leave you feeling frosty
  • This impressive combination of Baroque and Neo‐Gothic styles stands in the largest park in the CR (200 km2)
  • It is an important example of English Romantic landscape design

 

7) HOLAŠOVICE (1998)

  • This village in south Bohemia represents a rural style architecture, known as folk baroque, from the mid 19th century

 

8) KROMĚŘÍŽ CASTLE AND GARDENS (1998)

  • Originally a summer residence of Olomouc bishops
  • Kroměříž’s palace is considered a fine example of Baroque architecture in the castle houses an impressive art collection, including works by Titian

 

9) LITOMYŠL CASTLE (1999)

  • This unique arcade palace is one of the most important examples of Renaissance architecture in the Czech Republic
  • It is an important venue for cultural events, the most notable being the opera festival
  • Smetana’s Litomyšl, named after the famous composer who was born in the town.

 

10) HOLY TRINITY COLUMN OLOMOUC (2000)

  • The town of Olomouc is an important medieval town and a university centre
  • It is one of the tallest Baroque memorial columns in the Czech Republic (35 m)
  • Decorated with copper adornments and statues, it is a monument to a plague epidemic between 1714-1716

 

11) VILLA TUGENDHAT, BRNO (2001)

  • Brno is the second biggest city in the CR
    • It has many architectural jewels, among them the fortress Špilberk and the gothic St. Peter and Paul’s cathedral
  • The functionalist Villa Tugendhat (named after its owners) was based on a design of a major modernist architect and furniture designer Ludwig Mies van der Rohe)
  • It was made in 1928
  • The building is divided into three levels but gives the impression of a one‐storey building
  • The owners, being of Jewish origin, had to leave Czechoslovakia in 1938 because of persecution by Nazis

 

12) TŘEBÍČ (2003)

  • this historical centre includes St. Prokopius’ Romanesque‐Gothic basilica as well as the remains of the Jewish quarter
  • It is the only Jewish site on the UNESCO list beside Israel, it documents a big Jewish community in the Czech lands prior to the WWII.


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