The Czech Republic – maturitní otázka (2)

 

Otázka: The Czech Republic

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Jinovatka

 

 

 

 

 

 

state in Central Europe

10,3 million inhabitants

Neighbouringcountries: Germany (south, west)

Austria (south)

Poland (north) Slovakia (east)

Czech national coat of arms

 

Parts of the country – regions

Bohemia (Prague), Moravia (Brno), Silesia (Opava, Ostrava)

Countryside

Bohemia is surrounded by a ring of mountains – Šumava, The Czech Forest, The Ore Mountains, The Jizerské Mountains, The Giant Mountains, The Eagle Mountains

The Moravian Plain is protected on the West by the Bohemian-Moravian Highland, and on the North by the wooded mountanious ranges of Jeseníky and Beskydy.

Fertile lowlands can be found in the valleys of big rivers – The Vltava, the Elbe, the Oder and the Morava.

The climate is mostycontinental, the warmest and most fertile area is South Moravia

 

places of interest

Prague – Prague Castle, St.Vitus Cathedral, Old Town square with the astronomical clock, Wenceslas Square, Charles Bridge, Charles university, etc.

centre of politics, finance, trade, art and culture, Prague Spring Music Festival, a tourist centre – one of the most beautiful historical cities in the world.

 

Brno – The South Moravian metropolis with a popular international trade fair BVV,

• centre of Moravian culture – theatres, galleries, museums (Mendel´s museum) •education (Masaryk university, Technical university and many secondary schools), centre of finance and business, an industrial city surrounded by forests and fields.

Highlights: Petrov cathedral, Špilberk fortress, Svoboda square, big shopping centres, Brno dam, Brno ZOO

 

Olomouc – a beautiful historical city and centre of Haná region, astronomic clock in the centre

 

Ostrava – industrial centre, chemical factories, coal mines, the city is changing these days. Rock festival: Colors of Ostrava

 

Other important cities: Hradec králové,ČeskéBudějovice (Budweiser beer),JihlavaPlzeň (Pilsner beer, ŠKODA factory),ČeskýKrumlov,Telč (UNESCO city – historical square), Pardubice (famous steeple chase – horse races, ginger bread),Karlovy Vary, Mariánskélázně, Františkovylázně (famous spa, Russian community), Slavonice,Tábor (historical town connected with the Hussite movement),Ústínad Labem (The Ore Mountains),Liberec (Ještěd, ZOO, famous cathedral), KutnáHora (St.Barbara´s cathedral, Šlik´s silver tollar) Znojmo (rotunda, underground corridors, famous pickled gherkins)

 

Karlovy Vary – Famous spa, MATTONI, Russian community

Tábor – the town of the Hussites, Watchtower on Ještěd

famous castles and chateaux

The Czech republic is a country of hundreds of castles and chateaux

-Křivoklát, Buchlov

Krkonoše – The Giant Mountains, ski resorts

 

Natural areas

  • The Šumava mountains
  • The Beskydy mountains – Pustevny
  • The Czech Switzerland
  • Pravčickábrána
  • Ponds of South Bohemia
  • The Czech Canada
  • The Czech Paradise
  • The Moravian Karst – Macocha grotto
  • Moravian Karst – beautiful caves
  • Areal of Lednice-Valtice

Popular outdoor activities

Cycling, rafting, canoeing, kayak, climbing rocks, hiking, skating, in-line skating, picking mushrooms, barbecue, grilling in the gardens

 

Famous products

Pilsner beer

Moravian wine

Slivovice (plum brandy)

Becher herbal liquor

Škoda cars

Bata shoes

Czech glass

smelly cheese of Olomouc

ginger bread of Pardubice

 

famous personalities :

HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL PERSONALITIES

  • Cyril and Methodius
  • Joh Huss – hussitemovemen
  • Jan Amos Komensky
  • King Charles IV.
  • T.G.Masaryk
  • Vaclav Havel
  • Czech RAF pilots in Britain
  • famous personalities

FAMOUS WRITERS

  • Franz Kafka
  • KarelČapek
  • Josef Hašek
  • Milan Kundera

FAMOUS COMPOSERS

  • Smetana
  • Dvorak

OTHER PERSONALITIES FROM CULTURE

  • Milos Forman
  • KarelZeman
  • Josef Manes
  • AlfonsMucha
  • EmaDestinova
  • Karel Got
  • JaraCimrman
  • Voskovec and Werich
  • famous personalities
  • Johann Mendel
  • Jan Vichterle
  • Jan Evangelista Purkyně
  • Doctor Jesenius
  • JaroslavHejrovský
  • (polarography)

Culture and entertainment

  • Strážnice folk music festival
  • COLORS of Ostrava festival
  • Trutnov rock festival
  • Boskovice music festival
  • Prague spring music festival
  • Vinobraní – festival of collecting grapes
  • Hody festival in every village in South Moravia
  • hody

 

Culture and entertainment

discotheques (young people),balls (in winter) dance, elegant clothes, theatre, opera, balley are very popular, concerts

 

Famous Chech sportsmen

Czech nation is also rich in good sportsmen

Emil Zátopek (athlete)

Ivan Lendl, Martina Navrátilová (tenis)

Jan Železný (javelin thrower)

Czech hockey team – JaromirJagr

PetrČech (football)

KateřinaNeumannová (cross-country skiing)

David Svoboda (pentathlon – Olympics 2012)

Emil Zátopek






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