Travelling and tourism – otázka z angličtiny (2)


Otázka: Travelling and tourism

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Tariel



1. Introduction

  • activity which each of us has to do everyday day
  • in the past – travelling was a privilege of higher classes, people used to travel in carriages or on horseback
  • after the industrial revolution travelling became much safer and faster, still continues
  • after the world wars: development of airplanes


2. Why travel?

  • nowadays people travel for different reasons – political, business or just for fun….
    • commuting (going to work / school everyday)
    • holidays (spring break, summer holiday)
    • tourism
    • traveling for work (international businessmen)
    • emigration (refugees)


3. Means of transportation

  • by car
    • most widely used vehicle
    • typical car can carry about five passengers
    • usually has many safety features such as seat belts or air bags
    • to be able to drive a car you have to obtain your driving license
    • USA – in the age of 15 you get a driving permit, cannot drive anyone besides your family members; when you pass your practical exam – you obtain the real driving license
    • bigger cars used for transportation – lorry


  • by bus
    • ride along defined routes and according to pre-published schedules
    • often serve as public transport, often overcrowded
    • special type of bus – trolley bus – uses electricity from overhead wires, reduces pollution, limited routes trolley can take
    • offers cut price fares for students and disabled


  • by train
    • consists of engine and passengers cars
    • can be divided into sleeping carriage, food carriage, smoking and non-smoking carriage and first and second class carriage
    • nowadays its popularity is declining


  • by boat
    • most used in past (was the only way how to get across ocean)
    • big cruise ships reminding you of floating hotels – can take you on a cruise
    • ferry – can take up many passengers and cars, popular in English channel between Dover and Calais
    • many other kinds – speedboat, barge (nákladní člun), fishing boat, canoe, rowing, boat, yacht, submarine


  • by plane
    • fastest and most expensive way
    • procedure (with vocabulary)
      • you can buy your air ticket in travel agency or online
      • you should be at the airport at least two hours before your departure
      • at first you go to check-in desk where you obtain your boarding pass and you drop of your luggage
      • then you proceed to passport control and security control
      • then you wait for your flight in departure lounge
      • when it is time to board we hand in our passport to a flight attendant
      • after we find your seats, captain informs us about the length of your flight
      • then the cabin crew informs us about the location of emergency exits and demonstrate the use of life jackets
      • during the flight food is served on plastic trays and you can purchase some duty free items
      • our seat belt should be fastened during take-off and landing
      • after the landing we can go to the immigration office to have our visa or passport check
      • after this we can go to baggage claim to get our bags and then we are free to leave the airport


  • Each kind of transportation is more suitable for different country, walking is better for countries with a lot of national parks and walking paths such as Scotland. Renting a car is better for bigger countries where the sights are spread all over the country such as the USA.
  • If you are planning your vacation you can decide to either travel on your own or use travel agency to set up everything for you.


4. Types of tourism

  • Agro-tourism
    • Includes a chance to fulfill a farming task
    • In exchange for this tourists can pick different fruits and vegetables from orchard
  • Holiday tourism
    • spring breakers
  • Culture tourism
    • tourism in historical cities
    • architecture lovers
    • you visit a lot of cultural facilities such as museums or theatres
    • very popular in Europe
  • Extreme tourism
    • Involves travelling in dangerous spaces – jungle, mountains, caves…
    • Growing business in countries of former Soviet Union and in South America
  • Pilgrimage
    • Travel to some sacred place
    • Members of many religions have their own sacred pilgrimage
    • Pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Vatican, Mecca, Santiago de Compostella


5. Tourist Destination

  • big cities
    • entertainment, culture, architecture
    • cultural landmarks
      • UNESCO world heritage sites
    • natural parks
    • ski resorts


  • in Czech Republic: Giant Mountains
    • cheaper, closer, overcrowded, bad snow condition
  • in the Alps
    • French, Swiss, German, Austrian or Italian
    • more expensive, bigger, further
  • to the beach
    • hot summer days or winter getaways
    • price and quality depends on the destination (lakes x Croatia x the rest)


6. The procedure of going on a holiday

  • book a hotel room or order a trip with a travel agency


7. Personal experience with travelling or tourism

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