Travelling and tourism – otázka z angličtiny (2)


Otázka: Travelling and tourism

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Tariel



1. Introduction

  • activity which each of us has to do everyday day
  • in the past – travelling was a privilege of higher classes, people used to travel in carriages or on horseback
  • after the industrial revolution travelling became much safer and faster, still continues
  • after the world wars: development of airplanes


2. Why travel?

  • nowadays people travel for different reasons – political, business or just for fun….
    • commuting (going to work / school everyday)
    • holidays (spring break, summer holiday)
    • tourism
    • traveling for work (international businessmen)
    • emigration (refugees)


3. Means of transportation

  • by car
    • most widely used vehicle
    • typical car can carry about five passengers
    • usually has many safety features such as seat belts or air bags
    • to be able to drive a car you have to obtain your driving license
    • USA – in the age of 15 you get a driving permit, cannot drive anyone besides your family members; when you pass your practical exam – you obtain the real driving license
    • bigger cars used for transportation – lorry


  • by bus
    • ride along defined routes and according to pre-published schedules
    • often serve as public transport, often overcrowded
    • special type of bus – trolley bus – uses electricity from overhead wires, reduces pollution, limited routes trolley can take
    • offers cut price fares for students and disabled


  • by train
    • consists of engine and passengers cars
    • can be divided into sleeping carriage, food carriage, smoking and non-smoking carriage and first and second class carriage
    • nowadays its popularity is declining


  • by boat
    • most used in past (was the only way how to get across ocean)
    • big cruise ships reminding you of floating hotels – can take you on a cruise
    • ferry – can take up many passengers and cars, popular in English channel between Dover and Calais
    • many other kinds – speedboat, barge (nákladní člun), fishing boat, canoe, rowing, boat, yacht, submarine


  • by plane
    • fastest and most expensive way
    • procedure (with vocabulary)
      1. you can buy your air ticket in travel agency or online
      2. you should be at the airport at least two hours before your departure
      3. at first you go to check-in desk where you obtain your boarding pass and you drop of your luggage
      4. then you proceed to passport control and security control
      5. then you wait for your flight in departure lounge
      6. when it is time to board we hand in our passport to a flight attendant
      7. after we find your seats, captain informs us about the length of your flight
      8. then the cabin crew informs us about the location of emergency exits and demonstrate the use of life jackets
      9. during the flight food is served on plastic trays and you can purchase some duty free items
      10. our seat belt should be fastened during take-off and landing
      11. after the landing we can go to the immigration office to have our visa or passport check
      12. after this we can go to baggage claim to get our bags and then we are free to leave the airport


  • Each kind of transportation is more suitable for different country, walking is better for countries with a lot of national parks and walking paths such as Scotland. Renting a car is better for bigger countries where the sights are spread all over the country such as the USA.
  • If you are planning your vacation you can decide to either travel on your own or use travel agency to set up everything for you.


4. Types of tourism

  • Agro-tourism
    • Includes a chance to fulfill a farming task
    • In exchange for this tourists can pick different fruits and vegetables from orchard
  • Holiday tourism
    • spring breakers
  • Culture tourism
    • tourism in historical cities
    • architecture lovers
    • you visit a lot of cultural facilities such as museums or theatres
    • very popular in Europe
  • Extreme tourism
    • Involves travelling in dangerous spaces – jungle, mountains, caves…
    • Growing business in countries of former Soviet Union and in South America
  • Pilgrimage
    • Travel to some sacred place
    • Members of many religions have their own sacred pilgrimage
    • Pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Vatican, Mecca, Santiago de Compostella


5. Tourist Destination

  • big cities
    • entertainment, culture, architecture
    • cultural landmarks
      • UNESCO world heritage sites
    • natural parks
    • ski resorts


  • in Czech Republic: Giant Mountains
    • cheaper, closer, overcrowded, bad snow condition
  • in the Alps
    • French, Swiss, German, Austrian or Italian
    • more expensive, bigger, further
  • to the beach
    • hot summer days or winter getaways
    • price and quality depends on the destination (lakes x Croatia x the rest)


6. The procedure of going on a holiday

  • book a hotel room or order a trip with a travel agency


7. Personal experience with travelling or tourism

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