Otázka: UK – Breaking points in history
In early history there were 4 waves of invasions:
1. The Celts
2. The Romans
3. The Saxons, Jutes and Angles
4. The Normans
The first invasion were THE CELTS
It was about 6,000 BC. The early inhabitants of Britain were Celts.
The second was THE ROMANS
In the 1st century AD. England was added to the Roman Empire in 43 AD. The Romans built camps, towns and roads and also Hadrian’s Wall as the protection against the Celtic tribes from the north.
The third invasion were THE SAXONS, JUTES AND ANGLES
It was in 9st century Nordic tribes of the Jutes, the Angles and the Saxons invaded Britain.
And the fourth were THE NORMANS
The last successful invasion was by French speaking Normans led by William the Conqueror. He defeating the Saxon King Harold in the Battle of Hastings in 1066. He became the King of England, established a strong central government and state.
A long civil war, the War of Roses, between the House of Lancaster and the House of York ended with the establishment of the Tudor House in 15 century.
The first Tudor king was Henry VII. Next was King Henry VIII. He was known for six wives and that he established Church of England.
Under Queen Elizabeth I (Henry´s second daughter) Britain became a major sea power and Britain flourished during her reign.
In the late 18th century the Industrial Revolution started.
During the reign of Queen Victoria in 19th century, Britain’s colonial expansion reached its zenith. Large parts of Asia and Africa were added to the United Kingdom in this period.
Britain took part in two World wars. World War I. and World War II. Britain has never been conquered by the German, but it suffered a lot during these wars.