W. Shakespeare and The Elizabethan Theatre



Otázka: W. Shakespeare and The Elizabethan Theatre

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Teri



William Shakespeare

  • The English poet and playwright
  • Often described as the greatest writer in the English language
  • Was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on 23 April 1564
  • The eldest son of a glove maker and wool merchant
  • Attended the local grammar school
  • 1582 he married Anne Hathaway (older) ,they had 3 children
  • 1588 he moved to London and joined a leading theatre company called the Chamberline´s Men
  • Quickly established a reputation as a writer of plays ,appeared in his own dramas at the Globe theatre (daytime theatre)
  • 1611 returned to S-u-A and died there in 1616


The plays

  • 36 plays
  • Are regulary staged all over the world
  • Shakespeare´s language is very difficult to understand
  • Writes in blank verse=unrhymed
  • The comedies: The comedy of Errors, A midsummer night´s dream
  • History plays: Richard ll. ,Henry V.
  • Tragedies: Hamlet, Othello
  • Romances: The merchant of Venice
  • Poems : The Sonnets , Dark lady ->beautiful language
  • Comedies : cross-dressing -> mistaken identities 



  • the prince of that name suspects that his dead father,king of Denmark
  • has been murdered by his uncle Claudius
  • Claudius has become king and has married Hamlet´s mother
  • the ghost of Hamlet´s father appears to him and tells him about the murder
  • Hamlet must try to find proof of the murder
  • aporations = zjevení


The Elizabethan Theatre

  • The elizabethan age was the period of rule Elizabeth l. of England (1558-1603)
  • Important playwriters: Christopher Marlowe,Thomas Kyd,John Webster,Ben Jonson
  • First purpose-built theatre appeared in 1576 ,named The Theatre
  • It had still no roof
  • Best seats were on the galleries
  • The companies used minimum properties
  • there were no women
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