William Shakespeare and theatre



Otázka: William Shakespeare and theatre

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Natálie V.


William Shakespeare and theatre

  • 1564-1616, born in Stratford upon Avon
  • married with Anna Hathaway, 3 kids
  • actor, good businessman (Lord Chamberlain’s men-company of actors)
  • helped to construct The Globe theatre as a primary investor
  • 14 comedies, 10 histories, 10 tragedies, 4 romances, 154 sonnets
  • wrote in modern English, very good vocabulary



  • Got the inspiration from Petrarch (Italy), consists of 14 lines,3 times four-line stanzas, final rhymed couplet, written in iambic pentameter, addressed to the audience, young men, Sonnet 66, Sonnet 116 (to young men, main is love, connected to marriages)
  • Shakespeare claimed that poetry is very important (people die, poetry lines on)


Historical plays

  • Henry IV, VI, King John, Richard II, III



  • A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Taming of the Shrew, The comedy of errors, The Merchant of Venice, Much ado About nothing
  • Motives: love, wedding, jokes, chaos, magic, love struggle, happy ending



  • Rome and Juliet, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear
  • Motives: dead bodies, fatal error, violence, tragic hero, suicides, revenge



  • Public theatres: performance cost 1 penny, all spectators were standing, people could buy food, beer, hazelnuts, without roof, no lights, 3-4 hours of play, outside the city (not respected by authorities)
  • Private theatres: for higher class, more expensive, there were chairs, comfortable, smaller, indoor, first theatre was built by actor-manager James Burbage, every theatre must have had permission from royal family
  • Elizabethan theatre: 12 actors, only male, when there was a female role, they just dressed up as females, no props, no curtains, the roof was just for actors, a big circle, people were shouting and reacting to the play
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