Australia, New Zealand – Life and society

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angličtina

 

  Otázka: Australia, New Zealand – Life and society

  Jazyk: Anglický jazyk

  Přidal(a): Sagitt

 

 

Australia

People: English is national language, but people talk Chinese, Italian or Greek.

Flag: Southern cross symbolizes the constellation, The Commonwealth (7-pointed star represents the 7 territories)

Sports: National sport is surfing, they like scuba-diving, cricket, swimming, football, rugby

Animals: endemic animals (koala, kangaroos, platypus, Tasmanic devil scavenger, scorpion, snakes)

 

Famous people:

  • Chris Hemsworth – an actor (Thor)
  • Rebel Wilson – an actress (fat Amy)
  • Margot Robbie – actress (I Tonia)
  • Hugh Jackman – X-men movies
  • ACDC

 

History:

  • 1770 → James Cook discovered Australia
  • Aborigines are native of Australians
  • Europeans sold the land of Aborigines and killed thousands of them
  • 1st January 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

 

Cuisine:

  • Based on English and similar to new Zealand’s cuisine
  • Lamington – referred as the national cake of Australia
  • Lamb leg roast, crocodile, grilled kangaroo
  • Ginger beer, Archie Rose gin, vodka, whiskey

 

Holidays and Festivals:

  • Australia Day (26th January) – anniversary of the first fleet landing
  • Brisbane Festival (September and October) – grand fireworks opening Riverfest, to the cultural performances within South Banks – for several weeks

 

New Zealand

People: 76 % of people lives in the North Island
Flag: Based on British Ensign and four red stars representing the Southern Cross constellation

 

Famous people:

  • Lorde – singer (known for her single Royals – won Grammy Awards)
  • Russel Crowe – actor, world-famous Gladiator
  • Peter Jackson – director of LOTR and Hobbit movies
  • Lucy Lawless -an actress (Xena the warrior princess)

 

History:

  • Approximately 700 years when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians (Maori culture)
  • December 1642 – Dutch navigator Abel Tasman → first explorer
  • October 1759 – James Cook mapped New Zealand
  • September 1907 – foundation of state

 

Sports:

  • National sport: Rugby
  • Cricket, horse racing, extreme sports (bungee jumping, mountaineering)

 

Cuisine:

  • Based on Europe, Asia, and Pacific island of Polynesia.
  • Typical breakfast – cereal, toast and cup of coffee, tea, juice or milk, scrambled eggs, bacon, cooked tomatoes, mushrooms, has browns and baked beans
  • Hot-pie – small pastries typically filled with cheese, bacon, egg and even steak
  • Māori hangi – cooked in an underground pit filled with hot stones, typically includes sweet potato, pumpkin, chicken, pork, lamb, and seafood.
  • Dessert – Pavlova, based on name after Russian ballerina
  • Beers and ciders, but mainly Wine (Cabernet/Merlot and Pinot Noir)

 

Holiday and festivals:

  • Wildwood festival (NZ wild foods) → everything from sheep´s eyes to bug larvae, wild highland beef, curried Hoki Tikka, pesto ice-cream, mountain merino and venison tongue.
  • Wine and food festival → a range of different wines and food together, highlighting how well wine can complement all sorts of different NZ cuisine and food




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