Otázka: New Zealand
AREA: 268,021 km2
LANGUAGE: official languages : English,Maori
CURRENCY: New Zealand dollar
FLAG: consist of the Union Jack and four red stars in the constellation of the Southern Cross.
HEAD OF STATE : Governon General,representing the British monarch
HEAD OF GOVERMENT: Prime Minister
FORM GOVERMENT: Parliamentary democracy
It consist of two large island, the north Island and the South island. New Zealand is mainly mountainous. Mount Cook in te Southern Alps in the South Island. The North Island is predominantly famous for its vulcanic area.It also has many small lakes.
The climate is very pleasant all the year round.
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, although its constitution is not codified. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Zealand and the head of state. The Queen is represented by the Governor-General, whom she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Governor-General can exercise the Crown’s prerogative powers and in rare situations, the reserve powers . The powers of the Queen and the Governor-General are limited by constitutional constraints and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of Cabinet.
The Maori were New Zealand´s early settlers who came from the legendary
´´Hawaiki´´,probably in Polynesia to the North of New Zealand,about a thousand years ago.
The great explorer Kupe,who discovered New Zealand firts,named the new land Aotearoa-
´´ land of the long white cloud´´ . The Duch navigator Abel Tasman was the first European to set eyes on the country in 1642 after sailing from Batavia (Indonesia) in search of the fabled great Southern continent. No other European arrvived until over a century and a quarter later,when Captain James Cook claimed the country for Great Britain in 1769.
National day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand, originally commemorated by both countries on 25 April every year to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It now more broadly commemorates all those who served and died in military operations for their countries. Anzac Day is also observed in the Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn, and Tonga. It is no longer observed as a national holiday in Papua New Guinea or Samoa.
New Zealand is a modern country with a well developed economy.
New Zealand´s prosperity is founded on dairy farming. The pleasant climate allows cattle and sheep to stay outside even in winter. Grass grows faster in New Zealand than in most countries and is called ´´ the green gold´´ there.
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