Education in the UK, the USA and the Czech Republic

 

Otázka: Education in the UK, the USA and the Czech Republic

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Tyn

 

 

 

 

Education system in UK(compulsory (povinný): 5 – 16)

–          Pre-education(0 – 4)

  • Children younger then five years go to the nursery schools or nursery classes.
  • Children in these schools rather play then learning.

–          Primary school(5 – 11)

  • From five to eleven years is the first compulsory school attendance (účast).
  • Primary school is divided into „infant (dítě) school“- for children from the 5 to 7 and „junior school“- for the children from the 7 to 11.
  • Students in primary schools are called „ pupils“.

–          Secondary school(12 – 16)

  • Secondary schools begins at 11 years and ends (mostly) at 16 years.
  • Most schools are universal (všeobecné), but sometimes you can find „selective schools“. These schools accept new students based on the entrance test.
    • Grammar schools – gympl
    • Secondary modern school/ Secondary technical school – SŠO
    • Comprehensive – for immigrants and their children(přistěhovalec)
  • Pupils take GCSE at A-level(=MATURITA) = general certificate of Education, mixture of cause and written works -> pupils must have it, if they want to the UNI

–          Further education(16 +)

  • Next education is for the persons who are older then 16 years.
  • These schools are called „college“.
  • Some schools are free but some schools are charged (placeny).

–          Higher education

  • Higher education is education which includes education at the university.
    • First part is „undergraduate course“, which lasts (trvá) 3 years and in end you receive title (BA).
    • Second part is post „Postgraduate course“, which includes „masters degree“.(MSc, DSc – Doctor of Science)
  • Open university = for students working in their homes(within entrance exams), do exercises at home throw the internet

 

Education system in USA(compulsory: 6 – 18)

–          USA hasn’t got united system of education, every state has ones, but similar

–          In US school are big problems with violence and criminality

–          Pre-education(0 – 5)

  • Children younger then five years go to the nursery schools or nursery classes.
  • Children in these schools rather play then learning.

–          Elementary school(6 – 11)

  • From six to eleven years is the first compulsory school attendance.

–          Junior High school(12 – 15)

–          High school(15 – 18)

  • Pupils (žáci)have compulsory  (povinný) subjects and optional subjects -> sports, arts, music, cooking
  • Pupils take exams in High school to get their high school diploma.
    • Than they can go to universites

–          Higher education

  • The most prestigious and expensive are Harvard, Yale,Princeton(northeast)(member of family)
  • Higher education is education which includes education at the university.
    • 2-year colleges for vocational(odborný) training
    • 4-year colleges and UNI for academic degrees

 

Education system of Czech Republic(compulsory: 6 – 15)

–          Školka(3 – 6)

  • Školka is the first school in the education system in theCzechRepublic.
  • Školka is for the children from the 3 years to the 6 years.
  • Children in the školka do same things as in theUKnursery schools.

–          Základní škola

  • After the školka children in the CZ must go to the elementary school = compulsory.
  • Elementary school has 9 years. We have universal elementary schools or language elementary schools.

–          Střední škola

  • Střední škola, it is like High school in theUSA, it is after elementary school.
  • You can go to the gymnasium or Secondary technical schools = SOŠ -> economics, Secondary vocational schools = SOU -> hairdressers)).
  • Střední škola ends with graduate = maturita exam.

–          Vysoká škola

  • University is the last part of the education system in the CZ. University usually has 3-4 (Bc.), 4-6 (Mgr.) or more years (Dc.).
  • Many kinds of universities are very different.






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