Education – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (3)

 

Otázka: Education

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): krejx

 

 

 

 

THE GREAT BRITAIN

–          compulsory school attendance: 5 to 16

–          grades of education

  • pre-school
    • nursery
    • under 5 years
  • primary school
    • infant
      • 5-7 years
    • junior
      • 7-11 years
    • interesting thing – streaming
      • kids are divided into 3 groups
        • A stream – the quickest children
        • B stream – average pupils
        • C stream – slower children
  • secondary school
    • senior
    • 11-16 years
    • 2 types
      • comprehensive schools
        • for all children
        • not selective schools
        • grammar schools
          • academic education up to 18
    • subjects
      • 3 core: English, maths, science
      • 7 foundation subjects: technology, history, geography, music, art, PE, foreign language)
    • at the age of 16
      • examination in 8-10 subjects
      • GCSE – to find a job
      • GCE – to continue studies
        • O level (ordinary level) – at 16 à preparation for A levels
        • A level (advanced level) – at 18 = entrance to a university
  • further education – 16+
  • higher education
    • universities and colleges
    • Oxbridge – oldest universities in the gb
    • St. Andrews – oldest university in scotland
    • after 3 or 4 years: Bachelor degree
    • after 2 more years: Master degree

–          paying for education

  • state and private schools
  • state for free, private paid (Eton)
  • universities very expensive
  • interesting fact: you don´t have to pay for studying university in Scotland for few years (until you get the bachelor´s degree)

–          boys and girls usually together at schools

–          in most schools – school uniforms

–          marking: A to F

THE UNITED STATES

–          each state – its own systém of education

–          school years = grades

–          marking – marks from A to F

–          pre-school

  • nursery schools, kindergarten
  • up to 5 or 6
  • most of them: private, expensive

–          6-3-3 plan

  • 6 years of elementary school (6-12)
  • 3 years of junior high school (12-15)
  • 3 years of senior high school (15-18)
  • free charge
  • finished by high school diploma
  • ACT – english, maths, science
  • SAT – verbal and mathemathical skills, national college entrance examination (something like our SCIO tests)

–          higher education

  • universities and technical training institutions
  • community colleges
    • 2 years
    • after the students may enter many profesions
  • or after 4 years – bachelor´s degree, than Master´s, than doctoral
  • very expensive
  • the most prestigious schools which are considered as the best are private schools (opposite than in the czech republic)
  • Harvard, Yale, Princeton

THE CZECH REPUBLIC

–          compulsory school attendance: from 6 to 15

–          school year – start: 1.9, end: 30.6.

–          grades of education

  • pre-school
  • primary
  • secondary
  • higher

–          lessons

  • duration of lesson: 45 minutes + small breaks inbetween
  • average school week: 35 lessons
  • marking systém marks from 1 to 5

–          pre-school

  • nursery schools, kindergartens
  • from age 3 to 6
  • at the age of six (or 7) they start to attend primary school

–          primary school

  • pupils learn basic maths, czech, english, history, geography and biology
  • at the age of 11 some of them can pass entrance exams to a grammar school – gymnasium
  • 6 to 15
  • end of compulsory education

–          secondary school

  • types
    • grammar schools – gymnasium – general academic education
    • technical schools – focus on technic, building, chemistry, music, art,…
    • vocational schools – prepare students for practical professions
  • 4 years
  • ends with an exam called Maturita

–          higher education

  • duration: 3 to 6 years
  • oldest university: Charles University in Prague
  • economy, arcitecture, law, journalism, foreign languages, medicine, art, …
  • after 3 years of studying: bachelor´s degree
  • after 4 or 5 years: master´s degree

–          paying for education

  • education at state schools (up to 18): free
  • also private schools (some of them offer education in foreign language)
  • secondary students and undergraduates have to pay for their textbooks
  • interesting fact: private universities in the czech republic are considered as less good than the state ones à difference to the GB and the USA, where the most expensive schools are also the most prestigious

DIFFERENCES

–          the beginning of school attendance

–          uniforms

–          parts of school year

–          holidays

–          marks






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