Health, illnesses, injuries

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angličtina

 

Otázka: Health, illnesses, injuries

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Natálie V.

 

Healthy lifestyle

  • To stay healthy, we should drink a lot of liquids, eat regularly, eat a lot of vegetables and fruits, do some sports, sleep about eight hours a day, avoid stress, have some time to relax, do something active in the fresh air, think positively.
  • We shouldn’t drink too much alcohol, smoke, eat too much or too little, live with stress.
  • People in our part of Europe don’t live very healthily. They often work too much (long hours), don’t eat at least five times a day, drink too much coffee to keep them up.

 

Diseases (illnesses)

  • children’s diseases: measles (spalničky), chicken pox (neštovice), rubella (zarděnky), mumps (příušnice), scarlet fever (spála)
  • flu, fever, cold, cough, tonsilitis (angína), sore throat (bolest v krku), pneumonia, allergy
  • headache, toothache, stomach ache
  • cancer, AIDS
  • high or low blood pressure, heart attack (infarkt), stroke (mrtvice)
  • jaundice
  • diarrhoea, vomit

In some periods, people are more ill: for example in autumn or early spring, lots of people catch a flu. Sometimes we talk about „flu epidemics“; during that time, some schools must be closed because lots of pupils or students stay at home with a flu.

 

Injuries

  • In some situations, injuries may happen. We can injure ourselves while doing sports (when we go skiing or snowboarding, playing football or ice hockey, skating, roller blading, riding a bicycle). We should be very careful and in some sports we must use helmets and protectors.
  • Lots of injuries happen at home. We can get burnt (by fire, by some hot drinks or boiling water), cut our fingers or hands (with knife, scissors), fall off furniture, skid on something and break our legs or arms.
  • When we fall and hit our head (for example on the floor or on furniture) we can have a concussion (otřes mozku).
  • Very bad injuries happen in car crashes and dangerous sports. Some injuries may lead to death.

 

Treatment

  • Light diseases can be treated at home (flu, tonsillitis etc.).  You must stay in bed, take pills or other medicaments (treacle – sirup, drops – kapkysprays). We should measure our temperature, keep calm, drink a lot (black or herbal tea, tea with lemon).
  • More complicated diseases must be treated in hospital.

 

At the doctor’s

  • We know several kinds of doctors:
    • a general practitioner
    • a dentist, a psychiatrist, a cardiologist, a neurologist, a surgeon, an allergologist etc.
  • We go to the general practitioner (GP) when we feel bad: we have high temperature, feel sick, have a cold etc.
  • First, we have to wait in the waiting room. Then we are called in and the nurse wants to see our health insurance card. She looks for our medical record (documentation). Then we can go to the surgery. The doctor asks what is wrong with us and then he examines the body. Sometimes we have to open our mouth and the doctor examines the tonsils. We can get injected or the doctor prescribes some medicine. Then we go to the chemist’s and buy the medicine. Mostly, we have to stay in bed until the next check-up (kontrola).

 

Allergies

  • Lots of people suffer from allergies today.  We can be allergic to animals, dust, sun, flowers and trees in bloom.
  • We have skin rash, red eyes, we sneeze and cough, sometimes we can’t breathe normally.  Allergic people must take pills or be vaccinated.


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