Human Body – maturitní otázka


Otázka: Human Body

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): pavlína



Human Body – Lidské tělo

  • The human body consist of the head, neck, trunk and the limbs.
  • The skeleton (kostra) of an adult consists (dospělého člověka) of more than 200 bones which are made up of hard osseous tissue. (jsou tvořeny z tvrdé kostní tkáně)
  • The point (místo) where two bones meet is a joint or articulation.
  • The movement is made possible by the contraction and the extensit of muscles. (Pohyb je umožněn stažením a natažením svalů.)
  • We distinguish between voluntary and involuntary muscles.(Rozišujeme příčně pruhované a hladké svaly.)
  • The whole body is covered (pokryto) by the skin.
  • There  are five senses in our body: sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch.
  • The human body is a komplex of units and systems with thein numerus organs and parts and all thein functions have to work as a whole.
  • (Lidské tělo je složitý celek, složený z jednotek a systémů se spoustou orgánů a částí a všechny tyto funkce musí pracovat jako celek.)


Trunk, Lower Extremities – Trup a dolní končetiny

  • The human body consists of the head, neck, trunk and the limbs.
  • The neck joins the head and trunk. It contains the cervical vertebrae, the pharynx, the larynx and vessels.
  • The diaphragm (membrána) divides the trunk into the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity. The bony framework (podpora) of the thorax is the sternum and vertebral column connected by the ribs.
  • The principal parts od the thorax are the lungs, the heart, the great blood vessels, the trachea and the oesophagus. On the chest we see two nipples and, in women, the breasts. (prsa) Inside abdominal cavity we find the stomach, the liver, the gallbladder (žlučník), the pancreas, the spleen, the kidneys, the urinary bladder, the small and large intestines, and the internal reproductive organs.
  • The lower limb is attaches (připevněna) to the pelvic girdle. It is constituted by the hip, the thigh (stehno), the knee with the patella, the lower leg with shin (holeň) calf (lýtko), the ankle and the foot. The foot consists of the instep (nárt), the sole (chodidlo), the arches (klentba), and five toes.
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