Ireland – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (3)

angličtina

 

  Otázka: Ireland

  Jazyk: Angličtina

  Přidal(a): MArtin

 

 

Basic facts:

  • Capital is Dublin
  • English, Irish Gaelic – languages
  • Member of the EU
  • Currency is EURO
  • Drives on the left
  • Political system – parliamentary republic

 

Geography:

  • Situated in the Atlantic Ocean and separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea
  • Green fields, low central plains surrounded by coastal mountains, rugged, rocky landscape (the EMERALD ISLAND)
  • Highest peak – Carrauntoohil (1041 m)

 

Symbols:

  • The flag
    • Green, white, orange
  • The Shamrock
    • Is the symbol of Christianity (the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, Holy Spirit)
  • The Harp
    • Coat of arms, a gold harp, with silver strings on a blue background

 

River:

  • River Shannon (360,5 km)
  • It forms many important lakes

 

Climate:

  • Mild changeable, lots of rain – why Ireland knows as the GREEN ISLAND, EMERALD ISLAND

 

Culture:

  • Music
    • Traditional Celtic or modern music – U2, Cranberries
  • Sports
    • Gaelic football
    • Hurling
    • Soccer
    • Rugby
    • Hockey
  • Festivals
    • Halloween
    • Christmas
    • Valentine´s day
    • Saint Patrick´s day

 

Food and drinks:

  • Baked potatoes, black beer, Gibeon cheese, Irish brand – Cadbury

 

St. Patrick:

  • Patron for all Irish people
  • 17th March
  • Born in Wales, 373 (ruled by the Romans)
  • At the age of 16 pirates took him to Ireland
  • He was sold as a slave, worked on a field
  • Druids – worship the Sun and aspect of nature
  • God spoke to him to escape back to Wales – but one day God spoke to him to go back to Ireland, he went and spread Christianity there
  • Shamrock

 

Places:

  • Dublin
    • The capital
    • Is the most visited place in Ireland
    • Guinness Storehouse – museum of the Irish most famous beer
    • Dublin Castle, St. Patrick´s Cathedral, O´Connell Street, Guinness Brewery
  • Cliff of Moher
    • In the west coast
    • Rise 120 m above the Atlantic
  • Glendalough
    • An early Medieval monastery from 6th century
  • Whiskey distilleries
    • Jameson
    • Tullamore Dew
    • Bushmills

 

Other information:

  • Originally inhabited by the Celts
  • Patrick brought them Christianity
  • Country was devastated by famines and many people went to the USA and the UK
  • Birthplace – O. Wilde, J. Smith, G. B. Shaw





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