London and english speaking cities – maturitní otázka

 

Otázka: London and english speaking cities

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): paja

 

 

 

 

 

LONDON

  • one of the largest city in the world
  • one of the most important world financial centres
  • the capital city of the UK
  • situated on the river Thames in south-east England
  • multicultural city – 7 million people; global city, chinese ppl, muslim ppl, black ppl…
  • history:

○            43 AD – Londinium was founded by the Romans

○            61 AD – burned to the ground => surrounded by wall

○            1665 – plague “Black Death” (about ✝100 000 ppl)

○            1666 – Great Fire (2/3 of the city burned down –  started at a bakery, destroyed 89 churches including original St. Paul’s Cathedral)

○            1940/41 – bombed by Germany during World War II

○            1908, 1948, 2012 – Olympic Games

 

  • parts:

○            the original and historical city

○            West end – entertainment

○            East end – industrial

 

  • symbols:

○            black taxis – cabs

○            double-decker buses

○            red telephone boxes

 

  • landmarks:

○            The underground (“Tube”)

■            the oldest underground railway in the world (1863)

○            Tower of London

■            White Tower – oldest

■            Bloody Tower – prison

■            legend – 7 ravens if they leaves – the Kingdom would fall apart -> their wings are cut short

○            Tower Bridge

■            opens in the middle

○            St Paul’s Cathedral

■            wedding ceremony – Diana + Charles

○            Big Ben

■            part of the Houses of Parliament

○             Westminster Abbey

■            coronations and burial place of many kings and queens

○            Buckingham Palace

■            official residence and principal workplace of the British monarch

■            The Changing of the Guards – 11 am

○            Trafalgar Square

■            Nelson’s Column + 4 lion statues

○            Madame Tussaud’s Museum

■            wax statues of famous people

○            The London Eye

■            builded to celebrate new millenium (30 min one ride)

○            Hyde Park

■            royal park

○            St James’s Park

■            the oldest one

○            Regent’s Park, Greenwich Park

 

OXFORD

  • 12thcentury
  • univesity
  • river Thames
  • 35 colleges
  • Sheldonian Theatre

 

CAMBRIDGE 

  • river Cam
  • university
  • rowing competitions with Oxford

 

LIVERPOOL

  • The Beatles

 

LOS ANGELES

  • Beverly Hills, Hollywood
  • beaches
  • traffic jams, high number of private cars, air pollution
  • famous ppl

 

NEW YORK CITY

  • “the city that never sleeps”
  • “The Big Apple”
  • largest subway system in the world
  • Manhattan, Brooklyn, Richmond
  • Fifth Avenue – luxurious shops, hotels
  • Empire State Buinding
  • Time Square
  • The Statue of Liberty
  • World Trade Center (“The Twins”) – 1. 9. 2001 terrorist attack






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