London – maturitní otázka z angličtiny (6)

anglictina-k-maturita

 

Otázka: London

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Meli, DedecekHribecek

 

 

LONDON

  • Capital city, largest in the UK, economic and cultural centre
  • South-eastern Britain, lying astride the river Thames
  • Founded by Romans 43 AD
  • Population: 9 mil people
  • First city in the world to have an underground railway, known as the ‘Tube’
  • Architecture: diverse, old buildings next to the modern ones
    • Westminster Abbey: gothic style, coronation, weddings
    • Paul’s Cathedral: Sir Christopher Wren, seat of bishop of London, dome: Whispering gallery
    • New: National Theatre (terrace restaurant)
    • Battersea power station: coal-fired, hasn’t been in use over 30 years, largest brick building in Europe, known for its lavish art deco fittings and interior
    • Tower Bridge: 2 towers tied together by 2 walkways
    • Buckingham Palace: home of monarch
    • Tower of London: crown jewels, museum, beefeaters live there (if raven fly away, stg bad will happen)
    • London Eye: big wheel build because of millennium
    • Trafalgar Square: TS and Nelson’s column were built in honour of Admiral Lord Nelson after his victory in 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar
    • Downing street 10: the residence of prime minister house

 

BASIC INFORMATIONS:

London, the UK capital, is the world’s ninth largest city. Its history spans nearly 2000 years back. The city London burned nearly to the ground twice, first in 1212 and then again in 1666, also known as The Great Fire of London. London is situated on the banks of the rive Thames, in southeast England. London is made up two ancient cities which are now united – the City of London, simply known as ‘The City’, which is the business and financial heart of United Kingdom. It was the original settlement of ancient Londinium. And the City of Westminster, where Parliament and most of the government offices are located. Also, Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of the Queen and the Royal family is located there. Together they make up a region known as Greater London.

 

THE PEOPLE OF LONDON:

  • Now about a quarter of the capital’s inhabitants are members of the ethnic minorities. More than 270 nationalities make up the fabric of the city. More than 250 languages are spoken there, making London the most linguistically diverse city in the world.

 

TRANSPORT IN LONDON:

  • London has an extensive and developed transport network. The London’s underground (The Tube) has 12 lines and gets you quickly around the city, mainly around centre. Outside the centre of London, where are the underground stations further apart, will help buses. Buses offer cheaper alternative, but the journey will take longer. To experience ‘heritage route’ you can use the famous Routemaster, which is red double-decker known all around the world. On the overground is also available trams or light rail.

 

LONDON BOROUGHS AND DISTRICTS:

Central London:

  • City of London (‘The City’ or ‘The Square Mile’): Europe’s largest central business district and financial district, the most famous historical monuments -Tower of London, Tower Bridge, St. Paul’s Cathedral
  • West End (‘Theatreland’): the west and north of Trafalgar Square, the main shopping and entertainment district, the Royal Opera House, Oxford Street
  • The City of Westminster: Palace of Westminster (the houses of Parliament), Buckingham Palace, Big Ben

East London:

  • The East End: was the centre of London’s docks and heavy industry, heavily bombed during war
  • Docklands

West London:

  • West London includes many of the traditionally fashionable and expensive residential areas such as Notting Hill. Centre of BBC and Heathrow Airport

 South London:

  • South London is a multi-cultural area of nearly 2 million people. The London Eye is a recent, and largely welcome, addition to the London skyline. In Southwark you can find the tallest London skyscraper, the Shard. South London includes the historic towns of Greenwich and Wimbledon.

North London:

  • North London includes suburbs such as Hampstead and Highgate which retain a village atmosphere. Large parks include Hampstead Heath, which includes Parliament Hill, noted for its fine views over the city.

 

SHOPPING, PARKS AND CULTURE:

  • Harrods, Covent Garden, Oxford Street, SoHo
  • Hyde Park, St. James Park, Kensington Gardens, Regent’s Park, Green Park
  • Globe Theatre, National Gallery, British museum, Albert Hall

 

Important places

  • Tower of London
    • Museum, where is Queens jewellery displayed
    • Beefeathers – looks after Tower
    • Ravens ( havrani) – they have cuts wings
  • Tower Bridge
    • Two towers
    • Old bridge, wooden bridge
    • Important place for tourist
  • St. Pauls Cathedral
    •  Seat of London bishop
    • Weeding oof Charles and Diana
  • Houses of Parlament
  • It is a seat of gouverment, gouverment has two parts:
    •   House of Lords ( děděním…)
    •   House of commonds
  • Big Ben
    •  Tower clock
    • Tourist meeting point
    • Oficial time for London people
  • Whitehall
    •  Is a street
    • 1) Downing street ( Prime Minister, number 10)
    • 2)House Guard
  • Westminster ABBEY
    • Many English famous people are burried here
  • Buckhingham Palace
    • It is a seat of the Queen
    • There is a changing of Guards
  • Trafalgar Square
    • In the middle is Columm of Captain Nelson
    • He was an admiral
    • There are lot of Pigeon
  • Piccadily Circus
    •  Lights adverts ( světelné reklamy)
    • There is Amor statue
  • Hyde Park
    •  Speakers corner
    • Relax park
    • Lot of banch
  • Baker street
    • museum of Sherlock Holmes
  • Oxford street
    • shopping street
    • Miss Selfridge – teh luxus shop
    • Posh – rich people as Victoria Beckham
  • Museum of Madame Tussand
    • museum of vax figurine
  • Globe
    • theatre of Wiliam Shakespeare
  • Milenium Dom





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