Sociallife – jobs and occupations – otázka z angličtiny

 

Otázka: Sociallife – jobs and occupations

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Dee

 

 

 

 

 

Most people do theirjob to earn a living. But doing a jobalsosatisfiesone’sneed to beuseful and to usehis talents.

 

Jobscanbedividedintotwomaingroups: manualandintellectual. Peopledoingmanualwork aresometimescalledblue-collars and peopledoingintellectualworkwhite-collars. Thedifferencebetweenthese twogroupsis in requirededucation and thesalary. Thesalaryoftendepends on education and workexperience.

 

In manualjobspeople do manualwork. Theeducationforthemisshorterthanthepreparationforintellectualjobs. Youngpeople are trainedforthem in Apprenticecentresfortwoorthreeyears. Twoyearsare forthesimplestjobslikemason. Longereducationcan last threeyearsforprofessionslikecooks,electricians, mechanics,hairdresser,plumbersorminers. But there are alsoprofessionsforwhichyoumust study fouryears and haveschoolleavingexamination, such as forexamplebeautician, shopassistantordecorator.Andthere are alsojobswhereyoudon’tneedanyeducation – like a digger orhousekeeper.

 

Forintellectualjobspeoplepasstheschoolleavingexaminationoreven study somekindofuniversity.Aftergraduationtheybecomedoctors, engineersorprofessors. Thehighereducationyouhave, thebettersalaryyouusuallyget. But thisdoesn’tworkautomatically. Work in somepartsoftheeconomyispaidbetter, and in othersitisworse. Intellectualjobscanbedividedintoseveralgroups:

Economicjobs: accountants, bankers, economists, variousmanagers;

Humanisticjobs:such as historians, judges,lawyers, languageteachersortheoreticians, philosophers and so on

Technicaljobs:likearchitects, machineengineers, electricalengineers, IT professionals and others

Natural science jobs: medicinedoctorsand nurses, veterinarians, biologists.

Art jobs are specialkindsofjobs in whichpeople use theirimagination and talent. They are painters, sculptors, actors, writers, musicians. Thereisanotherspecialsort ofintellectualjobs, forwhichthereis no specialeducation: politicians, ministers, senators and ofcourse apresident.

 

There are varioustypesofemployment: peoplecanworkeither in thestatesectoror in theprivatesector.

Thestatesectornowincludesmostlyvariousoffices,goverment department, courts, schools and alsohealthservice.Jobs in stateinstitutionsusually are not paid so much but offer stability and guarantee.Oryoucanworkin theprivatesector – from a smallprivatefirm up to a big multinationalcorporation. Workconditions arerougherhere. Employershavehigherdemandsforqualifications, skills, andworkinghours On theotherhand theycanofferbettersalariesor a share in profits. Somepeopledon’tlikeforkforanybodyand theyworkforthemselves. Sometimesitcanbe very difficult, youhave to work long hours, sometimesyoudon’thaveweekendsorholidays, and youcanhaveproblemswithloansortaxes. But itgivesyou a feeling offreedom, These jobs are calledfree lance andincludeartists, journalists, but alsoforexampleaccountants.

 

Whensomebodylooksfor a job, he usuallysearchesadvertisementson newspapersor online. There arealsospecialisedpersonnelagencieswhichhelppeoplefindjob and employersfindsuitableemployees.Whenyoufindaninterestingoffer, youhave to writedown a motivationletterincludingjobapplicationandcurriculum vitaeorCV.The CV is very important. Itdescribesyoureducation, qualifications and workexperience. Thefutureemployerchooses his employeebased on the CV. If he choosesyou, he invitesyouforan interview. He wants to meetyoupersonally and discusswithyouyourplans and demands. If hisrequirements and yourdemands fit together, youwillprobablygetthejob. Thenyouwill sign theworkcontractwhichwillincludeallimportantworkconditions, such as salary, workhours, and holiday.


Proffesions

Accountant – účetní

Actor,actress – herec

Artist-  umělec

Banker – bankéř

business man/woman – obchodník

clerk – úředník

computertechnician -počítačovýtetechnik

cook – kuchař

decorator – aranžér

digger – kopáč

doctor – doktor

economist- ekonom

electrician – elektrikář

engineer – inženýr

factoryworker – dělník v továrně

farmer – farmář

firefighter – hasič

gardener – zahradník

hairdresser – holič

housekeeper – hospodyně, uklízečka

house-wife – žena v domácnosti

janitor -vrátný,správce

journalist – novinář

judge – soudce

lawyer – právník

mason – zedník

mechanic – mechanik

miner – horník

nurse – sestra

pastor,priest pastor – kněz

photographer – fotograf

pilot – pilot

 

plumber– instalatér

policeman – policista

politician- politik

secretary – sekretářka

teacher- učitel

translator -překladatel

veterinary– veterinář

waiter,waitress– číšník, servírka

 

Employment

application – žádost

apprentice centre – učiliště

apprenticeship – učení, zaučení

benefits – výhody

blue-collar – dělnický pracovník

CV (curricuium vitae) – životopis

Employee – zaměstnanec

Employer -zaměstnavateI

free lance – volná noha

holiday – prázdniny, dovoIená

manager – manažer

probation -zkušebníobdobí

profession – profese

qualifications – kvalifikace

salary – plat

unemployed –  nezaměstnaný

whitecollar úředník – duševně pracující

workcontract – pracovní smlouva






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