Sport, games and free time – maturitní otázka

angličtina

 

Otázka: Sport, games and free time

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): anče

 

Sports are one of the most popular leisure time activities. Sports help one to keep fit both physically, mentally and help take off some weight. During sports events one can meet a lot of new people. Almost every main city has sports facilities.

There are Indoor sports for example gymnastics, table tennis, boxing, wrestling etc. and outdoor sports are skiing (down-hill, cross-country, slalom, ski jump), sledding, hiking, rock climbing, horse riding, golf, and some aquatic sports such as rowing or windsurfing. We also have winter sports on ice or snow like skating and skiing or summer sports and all-season sports.

The games are usually all-season activities, and they are practised both indoors and outdoors. The most numerous groups of games are the ball games. In other states there are individual games.

 

Sport in USA

The four famous professional games there are American football, baseball, basketball, and ice-hockey. American football differs from European football mainly in the shape of the ball. The ball has an oval shape.

 

Sport in Czech Republic

In our country ball games rank among the most popular ones. They especially include football, volleyball, basketball, handball, and tennis.  Ice-hockey is played at a very high level here too. We have many sportsmen who made us famous.

 

Sport in Britain

The British are sports lovers, and when they are neither playing nor watching games, they like to talk about them. England was also the first home of many popular modern games. In Britain there are a great number of clubs. Football is the most important thing for Britain. The other most popular sports in Britain are golf, badminton, rugby, cricket and tennis.

 

Olympic Games

Olympic Games continuous in tradition from the ancient Olympic Games that were the most important, largest, and oldest of games

The Olympic Games have existed for about a hundred years. The programme of the games was: running disciplines, hammer throwing, ball games, fencing and wrestling events. Even women were allowed to compete in some disciplines. Today it takes place every four years. There are two parts to the games – the winter part and the summer part – which alternate one every two years. The Olympic flag contains five interconnected rings of blue, yellow, black, green, and red colour on a white field. To signify the beginning of the Games is used the Olympic Flame from the site of the Ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece.

The modern Olympic Games including sports like alpine skiing, biathlon, bobsleigh, cross-country skiing, curling, figure skating, ice hockey, skeleton, ski jumping, snowboards, speed skating, archery, athletics, badminton, volleyball, cycling, diving, handball, hockey, judo, swimming, trampoline, wrestling and others.

The most successful Czechs in the Olympic Games were, for example, Kateřina Neumannová who won the bronze medal.

Ester Ledecká won the gold in two different disciplines (alpine skiing and snowboarding) in Pyeongchang.

Emil Zátopek is the only Olympic athlete, who won three gold medals in long-distance running events at the same Olympic Games in Helsinki.

The Paralympic Games are the competitions for athletes with physical disabilities. In the Paralympic Games was successful, for example Eva Lemezová which won gold medal in Alpine skiing. The other famous competition is the Goodwill Games.

The first Goodwill Games are held every four years. Another famous game is the World Student Games. The first International University games were held in Warsaw. Ten games are usually included at these Summer Games as football, athletics, basketball, fencing, gymnastics, judo, swimming, tennis, volleyball, and water-polo.

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