The Czech Republic – maturitní otázka (3)

 

Otázka: The Czech Republic

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): mkubis17

 

 

 

 

 

Geography

Its situated in Central Europe

Its border by Poland (north), Germany (west), Austria (south), Slovakia (east)

The borders are mainly firmed by mountains:   – The Giant mountains (Sněžka)

– The Sumava mountains

– The Jeseníky mountains

The country is divided into 3 parts: Bohemia (Slezsko), Moravia (Morava), and Silesia (Slezsko)

There are many highlands (the Bohemia-Moravian highland) and lowlands along the rivers (the longest river is Vltava river – with many dams (Lipno, Orlík)

The biggest river is the Elbe River.

 

Politics

Since 1993 the CR has a new constitution (ústava)

The CR is a parliamentary democratic state with the president as a head of state

The parliament consists of his two chamber: the house of Deputies (200) the Senate (81)

The head of government is the Prime Minister

There are 14 ministers

The highest court is the Supreme Court in Brno

 

Flag

Blue, red and white

There is a blue triangle on the left, white is on the top, red is on the bottom

 

Currency

The Czech crown

Capital city is Prague

Population 10 million people (75% in city)

 

Industry/Agriculture

Raw materials – Kladno, Ostrava

The CR is dependent on imported gas and oil

There are good conditions for agriculture (cattle feeding)

 

History

The first where the Slavic ancestors

The Duke Vaclav (10th century) – the patron saint of the CR

Charles IV. (14th century)

The modern history: The Worlds Wars (1914-1918; 1938-1945)

1989 – Velvet revolution

In 1993 the state was split into two independent states

 

Place of interest

12 places are on the UNESCO list (several castles, nature sights)

The historical centre of Prague, Telč and Český Krumlov

The town Kutná Hora

The town Třebíč, Žďár nad Sázavou

Lednice = Valtice Castle and gardens

Vila Tugendhat in Brno

Kroměříž, Litomyšl

 

Famouspersonalities

Sport

Jágr, Hašek, Petr Čech, Železný, Špotáková

Politics

Václav Havel – first Czech president

Art

J. Seifert (Nobel Prize 1984)

M. Kundera

K. Čapek

M. Forman

Science

Jaroslav Heyrovský (1959 Nobel price)

Music

Karel Gott,

An. Dvořák, B. Smetana – composers of classical music






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