Otázka: The Czech Republic
The Czech Republic
state in Central Europe
it occupies an area of 78 864 sq km and has about 10,33 million inhabitants
it borders on Slovakia in the east, on Poland in the north, on the Federal Republic of Germany in the north and in the west and on Austria in the south
our state has a varied landscape. Bohemia is surrounded by a ring of mountains- the Šumava range, the Czech Forest, the Ore Mountains (Železné hory), the Jizerské Mountains, the Giant Mountains, and the Eagle Mountains
the highest peak, Sněžka, is in the Giant Mountains. Roads, cable railways and chair lifts make the mountains accessible to tourists.
The Moravian Plain is protected on the West by the Bohemian- Moravian Highland, and on the North by the wooded mountainous ranges of the Jeseníky and Beskydy
fertile lowland can be found in the valleys of big rivers- the Vltava, the Elbe (flowing into the North Sea), the Oder (flowing into the Baltic Sea), and the Morava (flowing into the Danube and thence into the Black Sea)
the longest river is the Vltava. Several dams have been built on some rivers, forming large resevoirs; for example on the Vltava, the Ohře, the Dyje and others.
there are only a few natural lakes in the Czech Republic (the largest natural lake- Černé Lake), Southern Bohemia has many artificial lakes which date from the 16th century (the largest artificial lake is Rožmberk).
And throughout the country there are number of mineral springs, around many of which spas have developed.
primeval forest- Boubín, Žákova hora
the scenery of the Czech Republic is varied: there are plains, hills, and valleys
tourist attraction – the Bohemian Paradise and Bohemian Switzerland
there are several karst regions too, with remarkable caves
In the Moravian Karst there is the well-known Macocha Abyss and the underground river Punkva
All these areas and many others with beautiful scenery are protected: they are nature reserves or national parks.
The climate is mostly continental, the warmest area being in South Moravia
Industry – The Czech Republic is traditionally an industrial country.
electrical energy from coal and uranium
most important part of our economy is engineering (machines, motorcars, locomotives, tractors, trams, …)
metallurgical and chemical industries are important, too
textile and glass industries have a long tradition
Agriculture – is developed enough to feed the population and be able to export its product too.
wheat, maize, sugar-beet, grapes, hops and fruit
cattle and pig breeding
Fish breeding (especially carp-breeding) has a long tradition
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