Otázka: The Republic of Ireland
AREA: 84,421 km2
LANGUAGE: Irish, English
FLAG:is tricolor with vertical stripes of green,white and orange. The green symbolizes the Emerald Isle and the Catholic majority of the population. White in the centre expresses the need for peace and understanding between Catholics and Protestants ,represented by the orange stripe.
HEAD OF STATE: the President
GEOGRAPHY: The Republic of Ireland occupies about five-sixths of the total area of Ireland- the Emerald Isle. The rest of the island-the large part of the provice of Ulster-is occupied by Northern Ireland. Tre Republic kilometres and consist of four provinces ( Ulster,Munster,Leinster,Connaught) and 26 counties, of which the country pf Tipperaty in the north-east pf Munster has probably been the most popular county. Most of the island is a central plain,ringed by low mountains in the west and south and by lowlands in the east.
The Shannon River,the longest river in British Isles, goes through one fifth of the country. It forms many important lakes.
CLIMATE: The climate is temperature, with mild winters and cool summer. Heavy rainfall in all seasons encourages green vegetation.
POLITICAL SYSTEM: The Republic of Ireland is an independent country with its policital system set up on a democratic principle close to that of the United States of America. The head of the state is the President elected for 7 years by the direct vote of the people.
The president is advised by a Council of state. He appoints menber of the goverment headed by the Prime Minister. The goverment is responsible to the House of Representatives which,together with Senate,forms National Parlament.
ECONOMY: Ireland has always been primarily agricultural,producing mainly beef and dairy products. Irish linen and Irish whisky have a long tradition,but recently the growth in light engineering,syntetic fibres and electronics is quite remarkable.
ST PATRICK´S FESTIVAL : is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on 17 March, the anniversary of his death. It commemorates Saint Patrick , the most commonly recognised of the patron saints of Ireland, and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland. It is observed by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion , the Eastern Orthodox Church and Lutheran Church. Saint Patrick’s Day was made an official feast day in the early seventeenth century, and has gradually become a celebration of Irish culture in general. The day is generally characterised by the attendance of church services, wearing of green attire, public parades and processions, and the lifting of Lenten restrictions on eating, and drinking alcohol, which is often proscribed during the rest of the season.