The United States of America – maturitní otázka (3)

angličtina

 

Otázka: The United States of America

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Michala

 

 

Basic informations – people, political system,..

  • The United States of America is a country in North America
  • Federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district and five territories
  • Capital city: Washington D.C.
  • President: Donald Trump
  • There live about 300 million people (3rd most populated country in the world)
  • Area is about 10 million kilometres sq.
  • Currency: US dollar
  • The largest city by population is New York City (other cities: Las Vegas, San Francisco, L.A., San Diego,..)
  • USA is a free country. Every religion is accepted and people are freely choose to have religion or not
  • The most used language is english
  • The majority of the population originally came from Europe. The blacks in America were originally brought from Africa. There are also many Asians, Chinese and Japanese people.
  • American flag consists of thirteen stripes of red (which represents 1st states in the USA) and in the left corner we can see a 50 stars, which represent the 50 states of the United States of America

 

History

  • America was discovered by Christopher Columbus who was searching for a new way to India
  • In 1492 he landed in America actually he believed he was in India, that is why he called the original American inhabitants “Indians”
  • America is called after Americo Vespucci, who first recognized it was a new continent

 

Geography

  • The USA borders with Canada in the north, Mexico in the south
  • There is also a lot of national parks, rivers, lakes, islands, valleys or deserts
  • Central plains are bounded by the Rocky Mountains
  • The highest mountain is Denali in the Alaska Range (6 194 m)
  • The largest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri
  • We can find there five Great Lakes – Lake Ontario, Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior
  • There are big variations of climate
  • Temperatures change from arctic cold to subtropical warmth
  • Death Valley in California is about the hottest place on earth in summer (86 metres below sea level)
  • There are many national parks in the USA, visited by millions of people (Yellowstone n.p., Sequoia n.p., Grand Canyon,..)
  • Deserts: Mohave, Sonoran
  • Islands: Long Island, Hawaii

 

Economics

  • The country has rich mineral resources, with many gold, coal and uranium deposits.
  • Farming makes the country among the top producers of corn, wheat, sugar, and tobacco.
  • They produces cars, airplanes, and electronics.
  • About 75% of Americans work in the service industry.

 

Famous people

  • Mark Twain – writter, Adventures of Hucklebery Finn
  • Henry Ford – founder of the Ford motor company
  • Neil Armstrong – famous american cosmonaut¨
  • Michael Jackson – singer, dancer, „King of pop“
  • Taylor Swift – popsinger
  • Lady Gaga – singer, songwritter
  • Brad Pitt – actor
  • Jennifer Aniston – she played in sitcom Friends, Just go with it,Marley and Me, We’re Millers and others, She was married with Brad Pitt

 

Tourists spots

  • Mount Rushmore
  • It is a national memorial located in South Dakota showing the faces of four former American presidents
  • Yellowstone
  • The park contains half of all the world’s known geothermal features, with more than 10,000 examples of geysers and hot springs





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