Časy a jejich přehled – gramatika

 

Téma: Přehled časů

Jazyk: Angličtina -gramatika

Přidal(a): vnl.xf

 

 

 
Tenses Simple Continous Perfect Perfect continous
Present I GO I AM DOING I HAVE GONE I HAVE BEEN GOING
Present Things in general. Something happens all the time or repeatedly or something is true in general. Promise, apologise, advise, insist, agree, refuse with this tense (not present continous). Exp. “I promise I won´t be late.” Action in this moment and it is not finish. I am in the middle of doing. You can use it with now, today, this week, this year. When we talk about changes happening around now, especially with these verbs (get, change, become, increase, rise, fall, grow, improve, begin, start). Never with: know, belive, understand, hear, like, love, hate, want, prefer, realise, suppose, mean, believe, remember, belong, fit, contain, consist, seem Still not finish. Action in the past has a result now. With time period until now (just, already, yet, today, this week, since). First time something has happened, new information. She has been to USA. – she has now come back. She has done to USA. – she is there now or on her way back. An activity that has recently stopped or just stopped. The activity is still happening or has just stopped with how long, for, since. Action repeated over a period of time.
Present passive IS WRITTEN IS BEING WRITTEN HAS BEEN WRITTEN
Past I WENT I WAS GOING I HAD GONE I HAD BEEN GOING
Past Finish action in the past. Action with time definition (yesterday, ago, in 1991, from – to, when, what time). One thing happened after another. Story tense. In the middle of an action in the past. Two action in the same time. Story tense. Report about work, not about done stuff. Something that happened in the past. Telling story from point A, use past perfect for action before point A. Something had been happening for a period of time before something else happened.
Past passive WAS WRITTEN WAS BEING WRITTEN HAD BEEN WRITTEN
Future I WILL GO I WILL BE GOING I WILL HAVE GONE
Future Not planned. With offers, agreeing things, promising, predicting. Generally about future I will be in the middle of doing it. Talk about complete actions in the future. To say that something will already be completed before a time in the future.
Future I AM GOING TO WRITE
Future Planned future. Something is going to happen because of the situation now. (Black clouds – It´s going to rain.)
Future passive WILL BE WRITTEN WILL HAVE BEEN WRITTEN
Future passive IT IS GOING TO BE WRITTEN





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