Political system of the Czech Republic

angličtina

 

Otázka: Political system of the Czech Republic

Jazyk: Angličtina

Přidal(a): Klára Č.

 

 

CZECH REPUBLIC:

  • sovereign, united and democratic state

 

GOVERNMENT / 3 POWERS THAT RUN THE STATE

  1. The legislative power – Parliament
  2. The executive power – President, Government
  3. The judicial power – courts at various levels

 

THE PARLIAMENT

  1. THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES
    • 200 deputies
    • Election every 4 years
    • Lower chamber
    • Deputy must be older than 21 and be a citizen
  2. THE SENATE
    • 81 senators
    • Election every 2 years but every senator is elected for 6 years
    • During election only 1 third is renewed
    • Senator must be older than 40 and be a citizen
  • MAIN TASK
    • Passing laws
    • Ratify international treaties

 

THE GOVERNMNET

  • CONSISTS OF: the PRIME MINISTER + ministers
  • Responsible to the Chamber of Deputies
  • MAIN TASK: suggesting laws
  • PRIME MINISTER:
    • Appointed by president
    • Usually a leader of the party which won the elections
    • Andrej Babiš
  • MINISTERS:
    • Appointed by president on the proposal of the prime minister
    • Ministers of: Foreign affairs, Defence, Justice, Finances, Culture, Education…

 

THE PRESIDENT

  • Elected every 5 years
  • Elected by people
  • Can be elected just for 2 terms in the row
  • MAIN TASKS:
    • Appoints judges, ministers, professors, ambassadors…
    • Has the power of veto
    • Can declare an amnesty
    • Can grant a pardon to a convinced person
    • Mainly just a representant of our country

 

JUDICIAL POWER

  • Courts at various levels
  • Most important: CONSTITUTIONAL COURT + SUPREME COURT
  • Down to regional courts
  • MAIN TASK: deciding if people are following laws, punishing them if they don´t

 

OFFICIAL SYMBOLS OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

  1. NATIONAL ANTHEM
    • Where is my homeland?
    • Text: Kajetán Tyl, music: František Šroup
  2. OFFICIAL TRICOLOR
  3. NATIONAL FLAG
  4. FLAG OF PRESIDENT
  5. OFFICIAL SEAL
  6. COAT OF ARMS
    • Eagles of Moravia and Silesia
    • Lions Czech lands
  7. SMALL COAT OF ARMS

 

POLITICAL PARTIES 

  • Parties are divided to left parties and right parties
  • We can also divide them to conservative and liberal parties
  • Right in the middle of left and right are moderate parties like KDU-ČSL which is Christian party
  • Far left party is communist party

 

SUMMARY

  • CZECH REPUBLIC: sovereign, united and democratic state
    1. The legislative power – Parliament
    2. The executive power – President, Government
    3. The judicial power – courts at various levels
  • PARLIAMENT
    1. Chamber of deputies / 2 years / 200 deputies / lower chamber / express trust? to g.
    2. The Senate / 6 years (1/3 renewed every 2 years) / 81 senators / higher chamber
      • Main task: Passing/making laws
  • GOVERMNEMENT
    • Prime minister (premier) + ministers
    • Appointed by president
    • Ministers of: Foreign affairs, Defence, Justice, Finances, Culture, Education…
    • MAIN TASK: suggesting laws
  • THE PRESIDENT / 5 years / elected by people / max 2 terms in a row / appoints officials / power of veto / declaring amnesty / represents the country
  • JUDICIAL POWER / supreme court and constitutional court / courts at various levels / MAIN TASK: deciding if people are following laws, punishing them if they don´t
  • OFFICIAL SYMBOLS / national anthem / national flag /flag of president / official seal / official tricolor / coat of arms / small coat of arms





Další podobné materiály na webu: